Axum or Aksum (Tigrinya: አኽሱም? /’aq͡χʼsum/, Amharic: አክሱም? /’aksum/) is a city in northern Ethiopia. The original capital of the Kingdom of Aksum, it is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in Africa. The town has a population of 56,500 residents (2010), and is governed as an urban wäräda.
Axum was a naval and trading power that ruled the region from about 400 BCE into the 10th century CE. The kingdom was also arbitrarily identified as Abyssinia, Ethiopia and India in medieval writings. In 1980 UNESCO added Aksum’s archaeological sites to its list of World Heritage Sites due to their historic value.
Located in the Mehakelegnaw Zone of the Tigray Region near the base of the Adwa mountains, Axum has an elevation of 2,131 metres (6,991 ft). Axum is surrounded by La’ilay Maychew wäräda.
It is served by Axum Airport (ICAO code HAAX, IATA AXU).
- Axum or Aksum (Tigrinya: አኽሱም? /'aq͡χʼsum/, Amharic: አክሱም? /'aksum/) is a city in northern Ethiopia.