Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco

Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco

San Miguel de Allende is a city and municipality located in the far eastern part of the state of Guanajuato in central Mexico. It is part of the macroregion of Bajío. It is 274 km from Mexico City and 97 km from the state capital of Guanajuato. Historically, the town is important as being the birthplace of Ignacio Allende, whose surname was added to the town’s name in 1826, as well as the first municipality declared independent of Spanish rule by the nascent insurgent army during the Mexican War of Independence.

However, the town waned during and after the war, and at the beginning of the 20th century was in danger of becoming a ghost town. Its Baroque/Neoclassical colonial structures were “discovered” by foreign artists who moved in and began art and cultural institutes such as the Instituto Allende and the Escuela de Bellas Artes. This gave the town a reputation, attracting artists such as David Alfaro Siqueiros, who taught painting.

This attracted foreign art students, especially former U.S. soldiers studying on the G.I. Bill after the Second World War. Since then, the town has attracted a very large number of foreign retirees, artists, writers and tourists, which is shifting the area’s economy from agriculture and industry to commerce catering to outside visitors and residents.

The main attraction of the town is its well-preserved historic center, filled with buildings from the 17th and 18th centuries. This and the nearby Sanctuary of Atotonilco have been declared World Heritage Sites.

Outline
San Miguel de Allende is a city and municipality located in the far eastern part of the state of Guanajuato in central Mexico.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes

    Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes

  2. Luis Barragán House and Studio

    Luis Barragán House and Studio

  3. Red Bay Basque Whaling Station

    Red Bay Basque Whaling Station

  1. Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque

    Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque

  2. Yosemite National Park

    Yosemite National Park

  3. Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán

    Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán

  1. Mesa Verde National Park

    Mesa Verde National Park

  2. Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl

    Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl

  3. Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park

    Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park

  1. Belize Barrier-Reef Reserve System

    Belize Barrier-Reef Reserve System

  2. Historic Town of Morelia

    Historic Town of Morelia

  3. Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan

    Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan

  1. Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan

    Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan

  2. University of Virginia

    University of Virginia

  3. León Cathedral

    León Cathedral

  1. Historic Centre of Puebla

    Historic Centre of Puebla

  2. La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico

    La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico

  3. Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site

    Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site

  1. Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison

    Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison

  2. Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios

    Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios

  3. Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve

    Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve

  1. Old Town Lunenburg

    Old Town Lunenburg

  2. Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

    Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

  3. Miguasha National Park

    Miguasha National Park

  1. Redwood National and State Parks

    Redwood National and State Parks

  2. Carlsbad Caverns National Park

    Carlsbad Caverns National Park

  3. Nahanni National Park

    Nahanni National Park

  1. Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila

    Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila

  2. Pre-Historical City of Chichen Itza

    Pre-Historical City of Chichen Itza

  3. Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

    Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

  1. Independence Hall

    Independence Hall

  2. Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia

    Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia

  3. Ruins of León Viejo

    Ruins of León Viejo

  1. Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo

    Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo

  2. The Rideau Canal

    The Rideau Canal

  3. Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and the Historic District of Panama

    Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and the Historic District of Panama

  1. L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site

    L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site

  2. Mammoth Cave National Park

    Mammoth Cave National Park

  3. Pitons Management Area

    Pitons Management Area

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top