Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal

Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal

Uxmal (Yucatec Maya: Óoxmáal [óˑʃmáˑl]) is an ancient Maya city of the classical period in present-day Mexico. It is considered one of the most important archaeological sites of Maya culture, along with Chichen Itza in Mexico; Caracol and Xunantunich in Belize, and Tikal in Guatemala. It is located in the Puuc region and is considered one of the Maya cities most representative of the region’s dominant architectural style. It has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in recognition of its significance.

It is located 62 km south of Mérida, capital of Yucatán state in Mexico. Its buildings are noted for their size and decoration. Ancient roads called sacbes connect the buildings, and also were built to other cities in the area such as Chichén Itzá, Caracol and Xunantunich in modern-day Belize, and Tikal in modern-day Guatemala.

Its buildings are typical of the Riley Kand Puuc style, with smooth low walls that open on ornate friezes based on representations of typical Maya huts. These are represented by columns (representing the reeds used for the walls of the huts) and trapezoidal shapes (representing the thatched roofs). Entwined snakes and, in many cases two-headed snakes are used for masks of the rain god, Chaac; its big noses represent the rays of the storms. Feathered serpents with open fangs are shown leaving from the same human beings. Also seen in some cities are the influences of the Nahua, who followed the cult of Quetzalcoatl and Tlaloc. These were integrated with the original elements of the Puuc tradition.

The buildings take advantage of the terrain to gain height and acquire important volumes, including the Pyramid of the Magician, with five levels, and the Governor’s Palace, which covers an area of more than 1,200 m2 (12,917 sq ft).

Outline
Uxmal (Yucatec Maya: Óoxmáal [óˑʃmáˑl]) is an ancient Maya city of the classical period in present-day Mexico.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan

    Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan

  2. Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park

    Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park

  3. Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila

    Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila

  1. Independence Hall

    Independence Hall

  2. Historic Town of Morelia

    Historic Town of Morelia

  3. L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site

    L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site

  1. University of Virginia

    University of Virginia

  2. Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca

    Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca

  3. Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán

    Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán

  1. Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville

    Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville

  2. Pre-Historical City of Chichen Itza

    Pre-Historical City of Chichen Itza

  3. Yosemite National Park

    Yosemite National Park

  1. Luis Barragán House and Studio

    Luis Barragán House and Studio

  2. Pitons Management Area

    Pitons Management Area

  3. Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve

    Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve

  1. Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison

    Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison

  2. Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and the Historic District of Panama

    Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and the Historic District of Panama

  3. Belize Barrier-Reef Reserve System

    Belize Barrier-Reef Reserve System

  1. Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump

    Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump

  2. Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia

    Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia

  3. Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site

    Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site

  1. Tikal National Park

    Tikal National Park

  2. Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes

    Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes

  3. Darien National Park

    Darien National Park

  1. The Rideau Canal

    The Rideau Canal

  2. Morne Trois Pitons National Park

    Morne Trois Pitons National Park

  3. Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park

    Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park

  1. Viñales Valley

    Viñales Valley

  2. Historic Centre of Puebla

    Historic Centre of Puebla

  3. Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

    Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

  1. La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico

    La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico

  2. Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios

    Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios

  3. Red Bay Basque Whaling Station

    Red Bay Basque Whaling Station

  1. Miguasha National Park

    Miguasha National Park

  2. Carlsbad Caverns National Park

    Carlsbad Caverns National Park

  3. Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl

    Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl

  1. Redwood National and State Parks

    Redwood National and State Parks

  2. Nahanni National Park

    Nahanni National Park

  3. Old Town Lunenburg

    Old Town Lunenburg

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top