Historic Fortified Town of Campeche

Historic Fortified Town of Campeche

San Francisco de Campeche (pronounced: [san fɾanˈsisko de kamˈpetʃe]) (Ahk’ìin Pech – /aχkʼiːn˥˧ pʰetʃ/ in Yucatec Maya) is the capital city of the Mexican state of Campeche, located at 19.85°N 90.53°W, on the shore of the Bay of Campeche of the Gulf of Mexico. The city’s population at the 2010 census was 220,389, up from 211,671 at the 2005 census. The municipality for which it serves as the municipal seat had a population of 259,005.

The city was founded in 1540 by Spanish conquistadores as San Francisco de Campeche atop the pre-existing Maya city of Canpech or Kimpech. The Pre-Columbian city was described as having 3,000 houses and various monuments, of which little trace remains.

The city retains many of the old colonial Spanish city walls and fortifications which protected the city (not always successfully) from pirates and buccaneers. The state of preservation and quality of its architecture earned it the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999. Originally, the Spaniards lived inside the walled city, while the natives lived in the surrounding barrios of San Francisco, Guadalupe and San Román. These barrios still retain their original churches; the one in Guadalupe is almost 500 years old.

Outline
San Francisco de Campeche (pronounced: [san fɾanˈsisko de kamˈpetʃe]) (Ahk'ìin Pech - /aχkʼiːn˥˧ pʰetʃ/ in Yucatec Maya) is the capital city of the Mexican state of Campeche, located at 19.85°N 90.53°W, on the shore of the Bay of Campeche of the Gulf of Mexico.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park

    Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park

  2. Red Bay Basque Whaling Station

    Red Bay Basque Whaling Station

  3. Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

    Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

  1. León Cathedral

    León Cathedral

  2. Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville

    Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville

  3. Mammoth Cave National Park

    Mammoth Cave National Park

  1. Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl

    Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl

  2. Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca

    Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca

  3. Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán

    Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán

  1. Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

    Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

  2. Belize Barrier-Reef Reserve System

    Belize Barrier-Reef Reserve System

  3. Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan

    Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan

  1. Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila

    Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila

  2. Morne Trois Pitons National Park

    Morne Trois Pitons National Park

  3. Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve

    Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve

  1. Carlsbad Caverns National Park

    Carlsbad Caverns National Park

  2. Ruins of León Viejo

    Ruins of León Viejo

  3. Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque

    Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque

  1. Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan

    Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan

  2. L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site

    L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site

  3. Chaco Culture

    Chaco Culture

  1. Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo

    Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo

  2. University of Virginia

    University of Virginia

  3. Mesa Verde National Park

    Mesa Verde National Park

  1. Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes

    Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes

  2. Tikal National Park

    Tikal National Park

  3. The Rideau Canal

    The Rideau Canal

  1. Pitons Management Area

    Pitons Management Area

  2. La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico

    La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico

  3. Nahanni National Park

    Nahanni National Park

  1. Redwood National and State Parks

    Redwood National and State Parks

  2. Independence Hall

    Independence Hall

  3. Darien National Park

    Darien National Park

  1. Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison

    Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison

  2. Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park

    Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park

  3. Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site

    Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site

  1. Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia

    Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia

  2. Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios

    Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios

  3. Yosemite National Park

    Yosemite National Park

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top