Arequipa

Arequipa

Arequipa is the capital and largest city of the province of Arequipa and the seat of the Constitutional Court. Arequipa is the Second city of Perú by population with 861,145 inhabitants according to INEI projections. It is center of the third most populous metropolitan area in year 2014.

Arequipa is the second most industrialized and commercial city of Peru. Its industrial activity includes manufacturing and the exporting of high quality wool. The city has close trade ties with Chile, Bolivia and Brazil. In the Colonial period it became higher important for its economic role and it was noted for its faithfulness to the Spanish Crown.

The city was founded on the 15th of August, 1540, under the name of ‘Villa Hermosa de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción” in the name of the Marquis Don Francisco Pizarro. In the Royal Decree of September 22, 1541, King Charles V of Spain ordered that it be called the “City of Arequipa.”

In the Republican history of Peru the city acquired greater prominence in politics, being the focus of popular rebellions. Many Peruvian intellectual, political, and religious figures became prominent in this era. In the Republican era, a decree issued by General Orbegoso ordered that the department and its capital city be denominated “Department of Law” and “heroic city of free Arequipa”. General Orbegoso installed his government from the 13 January 1835 in the city of Arequipa, and consequently General Felipe Santiago Salaverry named himself Supreme Chief of the Republic, with the pretext that the country was leaderless, i.e. without President, as Orbegoso was outside the capital.

Its historic center is spread over an area of 332 hectares and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its historic heritage, along with its many scenic and cultural sites, make the city a national and international tourist destination. Its religious, colonial, and republican architecture blends European and native characteristics into a unique style called “Escuela Arequipeña”.

Outline
Arequipa is the capital and largest city of the province of Arequipa and the seat of the Constitutional Court.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso

    Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso

  2. Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary

    Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary

  3. Historic City of Sucre

    Historic City of Sucre

  1. City of Potosí

    City of Potosí

  2. Chan Chan Archaelogical Zone

    Chan Chan Archaelogical Zone

  3. Noel Kempff Mercado National Park

    Noel Kempff Mercado National Park

  1. Brasilia

    Brasilia

  2. Sewell Mining Town

    Sewell Mining Town

  3. Los Glaciares National Park

    Los Glaciares National Park

  1. Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue

    Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue

  2. Moai

    Moai

  3. Huascarán National Park

    Huascarán National Park

  1. Tiwanaku : Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture

    Tiwanaku : Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture

  2. Los Katíos National Park

    Los Katíos National Park

  3. Península Valdés

    Península Valdés

  1. Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

    Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

  2. Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana

    Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana

  3. Historic Inner City of Paramaribo

    Historic Inner City of Paramaribo

  1. Pantanal Conservation Area

    Pantanal Conservation Area

  2. Chavin (Archaeological Site)

    Chavin (Archaeological Site)

  3. National Archeological Park of Tierradentro

    National Archeological Park of Tierradentro

  1. Manú National Park

    Manú National Park

  2. Rapa Nui National Park

    Rapa Nui National Park

  3. Río Abiseo National Park

    Río Abiseo National Park

  1. Lima

    Lima

  2. Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves

    Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves

  3. Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

    Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

  1. Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

    Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

  2. Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos

    Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos

  3. Central Suriname Nature Reserve

    Central Suriname Nature Reserve

  1. Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina

    Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina

  2. Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

    Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

  3. Churches of Chiloé

    Churches of Chiloé

  1. Easter Island

    Easter Island

  2. Serra da Capivara National Park

    Serra da Capivara National Park

  3. Nuestra Señora de Loreto

    Nuestra Señora de Loreto

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top