Ancient City of Sigiriya

Ancient City of Sigiriya

Sigiriya (Lion Rock Sinhala: සීගිරිය, pronounced see-gee-ree-yah) is an ancient palace located in the central Matale District near the town of Dambulla in the Central Province, Sri Lanka. The name refers to a site of historical and archaeological significance that is dominated by a massive column of rock nearly 200 metres (660 ft) high. According to the ancient Sri Lankan chronicle the Culavangsha, this site was selected by King Kasyapa (477 – 495 CE) for his new capital. He built his palace on the top of this rock and decorated its sides with colourful frescoes. On a small plateau about halfway up the side of this rock he built a gateway in the form of an enormous lion. The name of this place is derived from this structure —Sīhāgiri, the Lion Rock. The capital and the royal palace was abandoned after the king’s death. It was used as a Buddhist monastery until the 14th century.

Sigiriya today is a UNESCO listed World Heritage Site. It is one of the best preserved examples of ancient urban planning. It is the most visited historic site in Sri Lanka.

Outline
Sigiriya (Lion Rock Sinhala: සීගිරිය, pronounced see-gee-ree-yah) is an ancient palace located in the central Matale District near the town of Dambulla in the Central Province, Sri Lanka.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

    Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

  2. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  3. Ancient City of Ping Yao

    Ancient City of Ping Yao

  1. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

    Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

  2. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  3. Leshan Giant Buddha

    Leshan Giant Buddha

  1. Historic City of Ayutthaya

    Historic City of Ayutthaya

  2. Old City of Acre

    Old City of Acre

  3. Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

    Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

  1. Borobudur Temple Compounds

    Borobudur Temple Compounds

  2. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  3. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

  1. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  2. Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

    Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

  3. The Historic Centre of Macao

    The Historic Centre of Macao

  1. Itchan Kala

    Itchan Kala

  2. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

    Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

  3. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  1. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  2. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  3. Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

    Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

  1. Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

    Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

  2. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

  3. Strait of Malacca

    Strait of Malacca

  1. Mountain Railways of India

    Mountain Railways of India

  2. My Son Sanctuary

    My Son Sanctuary

  3. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

    Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

  1. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  2. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

  3. Goa

    Goa

  1. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  2. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  3. Lorentz National Park

    Lorentz National Park

  1. Fujian Tulou

    Fujian Tulou

  2. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  3. Ajanta Caves

    Ajanta Caves

  1. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  2. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  3. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top