Grand Canal (China)

Grand Canal (China)

The Grand Canal(also known as the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the longest canal or artificial river in the world and a famous tourist destination. Starting at Beijing, it passes through Tianjin and the provinces of Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the city of Hangzhou, linking the Yellow River and Yangtze River. The oldest parts of the canal date back to the 5th century BC, although the various sections were finally combined during the Sui Dynasty (581–618 AD).

The total length of the Grand Canal is 1,776 km (1,104 mi). Its greatest height is reached in the mountains of Shandong, at a summit of 42 m (138 ft). Ships in Chinese canals did not have trouble reaching higher elevations after the pound lock was invented in the 10th century, during the Song Dynasty (960–1279), by the government official and engineer Qiao Weiyo. The canal has been admired by many throughout history including Japanese monk Ennin (794–864), Persian historian Rashid al-Din (1247–1318), Korean official Choe Bu (1454–1504), and Italian missionary Matteo Ricci (1552–1610).

Historically, periodic flooding of the adjacent Yellow River threatened the safety and functioning of the canal. During wartime the high dikes of the Yellow River were sometimes deliberately broken in order to flood advancing enemy troops. This caused disaster and prolonged economic hardships. Despite temporary periods of desolation and disuse, the Grand Canal furthered an indigenous and growing economic market in China’s urban centers since the Sui period. It has allowed faster trading and has improved China’s economy.

Outline
The Grand Canal(also known as the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the longest canal or artificial river in the world and a famous tourist destination.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  2. Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

    Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

  3. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  1. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  2. Wadi Rum Protected Area

    Wadi Rum Protected Area

  3. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

  1. Ajanta Caves

    Ajanta Caves

  2. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  3. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  1. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  2. Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

    Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

  3. Goa

    Goa

  1. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

    Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

  2. Old City of Acre

    Old City of Acre

  3. Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

    Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

  1. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  2. Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

    Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

  3. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

  1. Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

    Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

  2. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  3. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  1. Petra

    Petra

  2. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  3. Borobudur Temple Compounds

    Borobudur Temple Compounds

  1. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

  2. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  3. Itchan Kala

    Itchan Kala

  1. Bisotun

    Bisotun

  2. Citadel of Ho Dynasty

    Citadel of Ho Dynasty

  3. Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

    Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

  1. Ryōan-ji

    Ryōan-ji

  2. Masada

    Masada

  3. Takht-e Soleyman

    Takht-e Soleyman

  1. Historic City of Ayutthaya

    Historic City of Ayutthaya

  2. Fujian Tulou

    Fujian Tulou

  3. Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

    Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

  1. Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  2. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  3. Yakushima

    Yakushima

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top