Grand Canal (China)

Grand Canal (China)

The Grand Canal(also known as the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the longest canal or artificial river in the world and a famous tourist destination. Starting at Beijing, it passes through Tianjin and the provinces of Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the city of Hangzhou, linking the Yellow River and Yangtze River. The oldest parts of the canal date back to the 5th century BC, although the various sections were finally combined during the Sui Dynasty (581–618 AD).

The total length of the Grand Canal is 1,776 km (1,104 mi). Its greatest height is reached in the mountains of Shandong, at a summit of 42 m (138 ft). Ships in Chinese canals did not have trouble reaching higher elevations after the pound lock was invented in the 10th century, during the Song Dynasty (960–1279), by the government official and engineer Qiao Weiyo. The canal has been admired by many throughout history including Japanese monk Ennin (794–864), Persian historian Rashid al-Din (1247–1318), Korean official Choe Bu (1454–1504), and Italian missionary Matteo Ricci (1552–1610).

Historically, periodic flooding of the adjacent Yellow River threatened the safety and functioning of the canal. During wartime the high dikes of the Yellow River were sometimes deliberately broken in order to flood advancing enemy troops. This caused disaster and prolonged economic hardships. Despite temporary periods of desolation and disuse, the Grand Canal furthered an indigenous and growing economic market in China’s urban centers since the Sui period. It has allowed faster trading and has improved China’s economy.

Outline
The Grand Canal(also known as the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the longest canal or artificial river in the world and a famous tourist destination.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Petra

    Petra

  2. Rohtas Fort

    Rohtas Fort

  3. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

  1. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  2. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  3. Citadel of Ho Dynasty

    Citadel of Ho Dynasty

  1. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  2. Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

    Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

  3. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  1. Ajanta Caves

    Ajanta Caves

  2. Strait of Malacca

    Strait of Malacca

  3. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  1. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  2. Old City of Acre

    Old City of Acre

  3. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

  1. Old Town of Lijiang

    Old Town of Lijiang

  2. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

    Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

  3. Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  1. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  2. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

  3. Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

    Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

  1. Goa

    Goa

  2. Rinnō-ji

    Rinnō-ji

  3. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

  1. Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

    Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

  2. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  3. My Son Sanctuary

    My Son Sanctuary

  1. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

  2. Town of Luang Prabang

    Town of Luang Prabang

  3. The Historic Centre of Macao

    The Historic Centre of Macao

  1. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  2. Samarra Archaeological City

    Samarra Archaeological City

  3. Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

    Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

  1. Leshan Giant Buddha

    Leshan Giant Buddha

  2. Agra Fort

    Agra Fort

  3. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  1. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  2. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

    Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

  3. Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

    Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top