Taxila

Taxila

Taxila (Urdu: ٹيڪسيلا‎, Sanskrit: तक्षशिला Takṣaśilā) is a town and an important archaeological site in Rawalpindi district of the Punjab province in Pakistan. Taxila is situated about 32 km (20 mi) north-west of Islamabad and Rawalpindi; just off the famous Grand Trunk Road. The town lies 549 metres (1,801 ft) above sea level. It is the headquarters of the Taxila Tehsil in Rawalpindi district.

Ancient Taxila (Sanskrit: तक्षशिला Takṣaśilā, literally meaning “City of Cut Stone” or “Rock of Taksha”) was situated at the pivotal junction of India, western Asia and Central Asia. Some of the earliest ruins in this area date to the time of the Achaemenid or Persian empire in 6th century BC.

Owing to its strategic location, Taxila has changed hands many times over the centuries, with many empires vying for its control. When the great ancient trade routes connecting these regions ceased to be important, the city sank into insignificance and was finally destroyed by the nomadic Huns in the 5th century CE. Renowned archaeologist Sir Alexander Cunningham rediscovered the ruins of Takṣaśilā in mid-19th century. In 1980, Taxila was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 2006 it was ranked as the top tourist destination in Pakistan by The Guardian newspaper.

By some accounts, Taxila was considered to be amongst the earliest universities in the world. Others do not consider it a university in the modern sense, in that the teachers living there may not have had official membership of particular colleges, and there did not seem to have existed purpose-built lecture halls and residential quarters in Takshashila, in contrast to the later Nalanda university in eastern India.

In a 2010 report, Global Heritage Fund identified Taxila as one of 12 worldwide sites most “On the Verge” of irreparable loss and damage, citing insufficient management, development pressure, looting, and war and conflict as primary threats.

Outline
Taxila (Urdu: ٹيڪسيلا‎, Sanskrit: तक्षशिला Takṣaśilā) is a town and an important archaeological site in Rawalpindi district of the Punjab province in Pakistan.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  2. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  3. Old Town of Lijiang

    Old Town of Lijiang

  1. Ancient City of Ping Yao

    Ancient City of Ping Yao

  2. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  3. Takht-e Soleyman

    Takht-e Soleyman

  1. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  2. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

    Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

  3. Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

    Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

  1. Town of Luang Prabang

    Town of Luang Prabang

  2. Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

    Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

  3. Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

    Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

  1. Bisotun

    Bisotun

  2. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  3. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  1. The Great Wall

    The Great Wall

  2. Borobudur Temple Compounds

    Borobudur Temple Compounds

  3. Samarra Archaeological City

    Samarra Archaeological City

  1. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  2. Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

    Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

  3. Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

    Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

  1. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  2. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

  3. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  1. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  2. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  3. Wadi Rum Protected Area

    Wadi Rum Protected Area

  1. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  2. Mountain Railways of India

    Mountain Railways of India

  3. The Historic Centre of Macao

    The Historic Centre of Macao

  1. Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

    Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

  2. Fujian Tulou

    Fujian Tulou

  3. Masada

    Masada

  1. Rohtas Fort

    Rohtas Fort

  2. Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

    Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

  3. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

    Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

  1. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

    Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

  2. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

  3. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

    Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top