Western Ghats

Western Ghats

The Western Ghats are a mountain range that runs almost parallel to the western coast of Indian peninsula. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight “hottest hotspots” of biological diversity in the world. It is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India. The range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain, called Konkan, along the Arabian Sea. A total of thirty nine properties including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests were designated as world heritage sites – twenty in Kerala, ten in Karnataka, five in Tamil Nadu and four in Maharashtra.

The range starts near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra, south of the Tapti river, and runs approximately 1,600 km (990 mi) through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala ending at Kanyakumari, at the southern tip of India. These hills cover 160,000 km2 (62,000 sq mi) and form the catchment area for complex riverine drainage systems that drain almost 40% of India. The Western Ghats block rainfall to the Deccan Plateau. The average elevation is around 1,200 m (3,900 ft).

The area is one of the world’s ten “Hottest biodiversity hotspots” and has over 5000 species of flowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird species, 179 amphibian species and 288 freshwater fish species; it is likely that many undiscovered species live in the Western Ghats. At least 325 globally threatened species occur in the Western Ghats.

Outline
The Western Ghats are a mountain range that runs almost parallel to the western coast of Indian peninsula.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Ryōan-ji

    Ryōan-ji

  2. Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

    Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

  3. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  1. My Son Sanctuary

    My Son Sanctuary

  2. Wadi Rum Protected Area

    Wadi Rum Protected Area

  3. Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

    Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

  1. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  2. Leshan Giant Buddha

    Leshan Giant Buddha

  3. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  1. Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

    Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

  2. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

    Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

  3. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

    Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

  1. Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

    Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

  2. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  3. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

  1. The Great Wall

    The Great Wall

  2. Old Town of Lijiang

    Old Town of Lijiang

  3. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  1. Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

    Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

  2. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

  3. Takht-e Soleyman

    Takht-e Soleyman

  1. Samarra Archaeological City

    Samarra Archaeological City

  2. Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

    Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

  3. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  1. Mountain Railways of India

    Mountain Railways of India

  2. Petra

    Petra

  3. Bisotun

    Bisotun

  1. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  2. Ancient City of Ping Yao

    Ancient City of Ping Yao

  3. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

  1. Lorentz National Park

    Lorentz National Park

  2. Rohtas Fort

    Rohtas Fort

  3. Historic City of Ayutthaya

    Historic City of Ayutthaya

  1. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  2. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  3. Masada

    Masada

  1. Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

    Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

  2. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

    Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

  3. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top