Western Ghats

Western Ghats

The Western Ghats are a mountain range that runs almost parallel to the western coast of Indian peninsula. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight “hottest hotspots” of biological diversity in the world. It is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India. The range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain, called Konkan, along the Arabian Sea. A total of thirty nine properties including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests were designated as world heritage sites – twenty in Kerala, ten in Karnataka, five in Tamil Nadu and four in Maharashtra.

The range starts near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra, south of the Tapti river, and runs approximately 1,600 km (990 mi) through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala ending at Kanyakumari, at the southern tip of India. These hills cover 160,000 km2 (62,000 sq mi) and form the catchment area for complex riverine drainage systems that drain almost 40% of India. The Western Ghats block rainfall to the Deccan Plateau. The average elevation is around 1,200 m (3,900 ft).

The area is one of the world’s ten “Hottest biodiversity hotspots” and has over 5000 species of flowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird species, 179 amphibian species and 288 freshwater fish species; it is likely that many undiscovered species live in the Western Ghats. At least 325 globally threatened species occur in the Western Ghats.

Outline
The Western Ghats are a mountain range that runs almost parallel to the western coast of Indian peninsula.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  2. Rinnō-ji

    Rinnō-ji

  3. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  1. Gusuku Sites of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  2. Wadi Rum Protected Area

    Wadi Rum Protected Area

  3. Goa

    Goa

  1. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  2. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  3. Bisotun

    Bisotun

  1. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

  2. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  3. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

    Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

  1. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  2. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

    Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

  3. Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

    Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

  1. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  2. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  3. My Son Sanctuary

    My Son Sanctuary

  1. Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  2. Town of Luang Prabang

    Town of Luang Prabang

  3. Ryōan-ji

    Ryōan-ji

  1. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  2. Ancient City of Ping Yao

    Ancient City of Ping Yao

  3. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  1. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  2. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  3. Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

    Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

  1. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

  2. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

  3. Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

    Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

  1. Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

    Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

  2. Gonbad-e Qābus

    Gonbad-e Qābus

  3. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

  1. Lorentz National Park

    Lorentz National Park

  2. Takht-e Soleyman

    Takht-e Soleyman

  3. Borobudur Temple Compounds

    Borobudur Temple Compounds

  1. Rohtas Fort

    Rohtas Fort

  2. Samarra Archaeological City

    Samarra Archaeological City

  3. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top