Mogao Caves

Mogao Caves

The Mogao Caves or Mogao Grottoes (Chinese: 莫高窟; pinyin: Mògāo kū), also known as the Caves of the Thousand Buddhas (Chinese: 千佛洞; pinyin: qiān fó dòng), form a system of 492 temples 25 km (16 mi) southeast of the center of Dunhuang, an oasis strategically located at a religious and cultural crossroads on the Silk Road, in Gansu province, China. The caves may also be known as the Dunhuang Caves, however, this term is also used to include other Buddhist cave sites in the Dunhuang area, such as the Western Thousand Buddha Caves, and the Yulin Caves farther away. The caves contain some of the finest examples of Buddhist art spanning a period of 1,000 years. The first caves were dug out in 366 CE as places of Buddhist meditation and worship. The Mogao Caves are the best known of the Chinese Buddhist grottoes and, along with Longmen Grottoes and Yungang Grottoes, are one of the three famous ancient Buddhist sculptural sites of China.

An important cache of documents was discovered in 1900 in the so-called “Library Cave,” which had been walled-up in the 11th century. The content of the library was dispersed around the world, and the largest collections are now found in Beijing, London, Paris and Berlin, and the International Dunhuang Project exists to coordinate and collect scholarly work on the Dunhuang manuscripts and other material. The caves themselves are now a popular tourist destination, with a number open for visiting.

Outline
The Mogao Caves or Mogao Grottoes (Chinese: 莫高窟; pinyin: Mògāo kū), also known as the Caves of the Thousand Buddhas (Chinese: 千佛洞; pinyin: qiān fó dòng), form a system of 492 temples 25 km (16 mi) southeast of the center of Dunhuang, an oasis strategically located at a religious and cultural crossroads on the Silk Road, in Gansu province, China.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  2. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

  3. Ajanta Caves

    Ajanta Caves

  1. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  2. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  3. Historic City of Ayutthaya

    Historic City of Ayutthaya

  1. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

  2. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  3. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  1. Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

    Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

  2. Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

    Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

  3. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  1. Strait of Malacca

    Strait of Malacca

  2. Masada

    Masada

  3. Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

    Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

  1. Petra

    Petra

  2. Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

    Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

  3. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  1. Leshan Giant Buddha

    Leshan Giant Buddha

  2. Samarra Archaeological City

    Samarra Archaeological City

  3. Old City of Acre

    Old City of Acre

  1. Bisotun

    Bisotun

  2. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  3. Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

    Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

  1. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

  2. Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

    Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

  3. Itchan Kala

    Itchan Kala

  1. Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

    Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

  2. Citadel of Ho Dynasty

    Citadel of Ho Dynasty

  3. Wadi Rum Protected Area

    Wadi Rum Protected Area

  1. Lorentz National Park

    Lorentz National Park

  2. Gusuku Sites of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  3. Fujian Tulou

    Fujian Tulou

  1. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

  2. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  3. The Great Wall

    The Great Wall

  1. Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

    Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

  2. Goa

    Goa

  3. Rohtas Fort

    Rohtas Fort

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top