Bam and its Cultural Landscape

Bam and its Cultural Landscape

Bam (Persian: بم‎) is a city in and the capital of Bam County, Kerman Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 73,823, in 19,572 families.

The modern Iranian city of Bam surrounds the Bam citadel. Before the 2003 earthquake the official population count of the city was roughly 43,000. There are various opinions about the date and reasons for the foundation of the citadel. Some people believe that Bam city was founded during the Parthian Empire. Economically and commercially, Bam occupied a very important place in the region and was famed for its textiles and clothes. Ibn Hawqal (943–977), the Arab traveller and geographer, wrote of Bam in his book Surat-ul-`ard (The Earth-figure):

Over there they weave excellent, beautiful and long-lasting cotton cloths which are sent to places all over the world There they also make excellent clothes, each of which costs around 30 dinars; these are sold in Khorasan, Iraq and Egypt.
The ancient citadel of Arg-e Bam has a history dating back around 2,000 years ago, to the Parthian Empire (248 BC–224 AD), but most buildings were built during the Safavid dynasty. The city was largely abandoned due to an Afghan invasion in 1722. Subsequently, after the city had gradually been re-settled, it was abandoned a second time due to an attack by invaders from Shiraz. It was also used for a time as an army barracks.

The modern city of Bam was established later than the old citadel. It has gradually developed as an agricultural and industrial centre, and until the 2003 earthquake was experiencing rapid growth. In particular, the city is known for its dates and citrus fruit, irrigated by a substantial network of qanats. The city also benefited from tourism, with an increasing number of people visiting the ancient citadel in recent years.

Outline
Bam (Persian: بم‎) is a city in and the capital of Bam County, Kerman Province, Iran.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Ancient City of Ping Yao

    Ancient City of Ping Yao

  2. Borobudur Temple Compounds

    Borobudur Temple Compounds

  3. Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

    Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

  1. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

  2. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  3. Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

    Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

  1. Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

    Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

  2. Mountain Railways of India

    Mountain Railways of India

  3. Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  1. Ryōan-ji

    Ryōan-ji

  2. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

  3. Samarra Archaeological City

    Samarra Archaeological City

  1. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

    Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

  2. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  3. Itchan Kala

    Itchan Kala

  1. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  2. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  3. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

  1. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

  2. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  3. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  1. Ajanta Caves

    Ajanta Caves

  2. Fujian Tulou

    Fujian Tulou

  3. Old City of Acre

    Old City of Acre

  1. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  2. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  3. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  1. Old Town of Lijiang

    Old Town of Lijiang

  2. Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

    Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

  3. Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

    Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

  1. Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

    Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

  2. Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

    Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

  3. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  1. Masada

    Masada

  2. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

    Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

  3. Takht-e Soleyman

    Takht-e Soleyman

  1. Goa

    Goa

  2. Rohtas Fort

    Rohtas Fort

  3. The Historic Centre of Macao

    The Historic Centre of Macao

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top