Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls

Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls

The Old City (Hebrew: העיר העתיקה‎, Ha’Ir Ha’Atiqah, Arabic: البلدة القديمة‎, al-Balda al-Qadimah, Armenian: Երուսաղեմի հին քաղաք, Yerusaghemi hin k’aghak’ ) is a 0.9 square kilometers (0.35 sq mi) walled area within the modern city of Jerusalem. Until 1860, when the Jewish neighborhood Mishkenot Sha’ananim was established, this area constituted the entire city of Jerusalem. The Old City is home to several sites of key religious importance: the Temple Mount and Western Wall for Jews, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre for Christians, and the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque for Muslims. It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site List in 1981.

Traditionally, the Old City has been divided into four uneven quarters, although the current designations were introduced only in the 19th century. Today, the Old City is roughly divided into the Muslim Quarter, the Christian Quarter, the Jewish Quarter and the Armenian Quarter. The current population of the Old City resides mostly in the Islamic and Christian quarters. As of 2007 the total population was 36,965; the breakdown of religious groups in 2006 was 27,500 Muslims, 5,681 Christians, 790 Armenians and 3,089 Jews.

Following the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Old City was captured by Jordan and Jewish residents were evicted. During the Six-Day War in 1967, which saw hand-to-hand fighting on the Temple Mount, Israel captured the Old City along with the rest of East Jerusalem, subsequently annexing them as Israeli territory and reuniting them with the western part of the city. Today, Israel controls the entire area, which it considers part of its national capital. In 2010, Jerusalem’s oldest fragment of writing was found outside the Old City’s walls The Jerusalem Law of 1980, effectively annexing East Jerusalem to Israel, was declared null and void by UN Security Council Resolution 478 and East Jerusalem is regarded by the international community as part of occupied Palestinian territory.

Outline
The Old City (Hebrew: העיר העתיקה‎, Ha'Ir Ha'Atiqah, Arabic: البلدة القديمة‎, al-Balda al-Qadimah, Armenian: Երուսաղեմի հին քաղաք, Yerusaghemi hin k'aghak' ) is a 0.9 square kilometers (0.35 sq mi) walled area within the modern city of Jerusalem.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Historic City of Ayutthaya

    Historic City of Ayutthaya

  2. Agra Fort

    Agra Fort

  3. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  1. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  2. Old Town of Lijiang

    Old Town of Lijiang

  3. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  1. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

    Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

  2. Town of Luang Prabang

    Town of Luang Prabang

  3. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  1. Masada

    Masada

  2. The Great Wall

    The Great Wall

  3. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

    Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

  1. Petra

    Petra

  2. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  3. Rohtas Fort

    Rohtas Fort

  1. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

  2. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

  3. Itchan Kala

    Itchan Kala

  1. Takht-e Soleyman

    Takht-e Soleyman

  2. Rinnō-ji

    Rinnō-ji

  3. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

  1. Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

    Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

  2. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

  3. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

    Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

  1. Strait of Malacca

    Strait of Malacca

  2. Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

    Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

  3. Ancient City of Ping Yao

    Ancient City of Ping Yao

  1. Samarra Archaeological City

    Samarra Archaeological City

  2. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  3. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  1. Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

    Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

  2. Ryōan-ji

    Ryōan-ji

  3. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  1. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  2. Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

    Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

  3. Goa

    Goa

  1. Leshan Giant Buddha

    Leshan Giant Buddha

  2. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  3. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top