Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls

Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls

The Old City (Hebrew: העיר העתיקה‎, Ha’Ir Ha’Atiqah, Arabic: البلدة القديمة‎, al-Balda al-Qadimah, Armenian: Երուսաղեմի հին քաղաք, Yerusaghemi hin k’aghak’ ) is a 0.9 square kilometers (0.35 sq mi) walled area within the modern city of Jerusalem. Until 1860, when the Jewish neighborhood Mishkenot Sha’ananim was established, this area constituted the entire city of Jerusalem. The Old City is home to several sites of key religious importance: the Temple Mount and Western Wall for Jews, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre for Christians, and the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque for Muslims. It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site List in 1981.

Traditionally, the Old City has been divided into four uneven quarters, although the current designations were introduced only in the 19th century. Today, the Old City is roughly divided into the Muslim Quarter, the Christian Quarter, the Jewish Quarter and the Armenian Quarter. The current population of the Old City resides mostly in the Islamic and Christian quarters. As of 2007 the total population was 36,965; the breakdown of religious groups in 2006 was 27,500 Muslims, 5,681 Christians, 790 Armenians and 3,089 Jews.

Following the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Old City was captured by Jordan and Jewish residents were evicted. During the Six-Day War in 1967, which saw hand-to-hand fighting on the Temple Mount, Israel captured the Old City along with the rest of East Jerusalem, subsequently annexing them as Israeli territory and reuniting them with the western part of the city. Today, Israel controls the entire area, which it considers part of its national capital. In 2010, Jerusalem’s oldest fragment of writing was found outside the Old City’s walls The Jerusalem Law of 1980, effectively annexing East Jerusalem to Israel, was declared null and void by UN Security Council Resolution 478 and East Jerusalem is regarded by the international community as part of occupied Palestinian territory.

Outline
The Old City (Hebrew: העיר העתיקה‎, Ha'Ir Ha'Atiqah, Arabic: البلدة القديمة‎, al-Balda al-Qadimah, Armenian: Երուսաղեմի հին քաղաք, Yerusaghemi hin k'aghak' ) is a 0.9 square kilometers (0.35 sq mi) walled area within the modern city of Jerusalem.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Historic City of Ayutthaya

    Historic City of Ayutthaya

  2. Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

    Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

  3. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  1. Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  2. Bisotun

    Bisotun

  3. Lorentz National Park

    Lorentz National Park

  1. Borobudur Temple Compounds

    Borobudur Temple Compounds

  2. Fujian Tulou

    Fujian Tulou

  3. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  1. Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

    Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

  2. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  3. Rohtas Fort

    Rohtas Fort

  1. Agra Fort

    Agra Fort

  2. Goa

    Goa

  3. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  1. Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

    Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

  2. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

  3. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  1. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  2. Ancient City of Ping Yao

    Ancient City of Ping Yao

  3. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

  1. Old City of Acre

    Old City of Acre

  2. Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

    Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

  3. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  1. My Son Sanctuary

    My Son Sanctuary

  2. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

  3. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

  1. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

  2. Samarra Archaeological City

    Samarra Archaeological City

  3. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  1. Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

    Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

  2. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  3. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  1. The Historic Centre of Macao

    The Historic Centre of Macao

  2. Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

    Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

  3. Gonbad-e Qābus

    Gonbad-e Qābus

  1. Town of Luang Prabang

    Town of Luang Prabang

  2. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

    Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

  3. Petra

    Petra

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top