Red Fort Complex

Red Fort Complex

The Red Fort was the residence of the Mughal emperors of India for nearly 200 years, until 1857. It is located in the centre of Delhi and houses a number of museums. In addition to accommodating the emperors and their households, it was the ceremonial and political centre of Mughal government and the setting for events critically impacting the region.

The Red Fort was built as the fortified palace of Shahjahanabad, capital of the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, in 1648. Named for its massive enclosing walls of red sandstone, it is adjacent to the older Salimgarh Fort, built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546. The imperial apartments consist of a row of pavilions, connected by a water channel known as the Stream of Paradise (Nahr-i-Behisht). The Red Fort is considered to represent the zenith of Mughal creativity under Shah Jahan. Although the palace was planned according to Islamic prototypes, each pavilion contains architectural elements typical of Mughal buildings, reflecting a fusion of Timurid, Persian and Hindu traditions. The Red Fort’s innovative architectural style, including its garden design, influenced later buildings and gardens in Delhi, Rajasthan, Punjab, Kashmir, Braj, Rohilkhand and elsewhere. With the Salimgarh Fort, it was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007 as part of the Red Fort Complex.

The Red Fort is an iconic symbol of India. On Independence Day, the prime minister hoists the national flag at the main gate of the fort and delivers a nationally-broadcast speech from its ramparts.

Outline
The Red Fort was the residence of the Mughal emperors of India for nearly 200 years, until 1857.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  2. Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

    Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

  3. Ryōan-ji

    Ryōan-ji

  1. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

  2. Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

    Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

  3. Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  1. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

    Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

  2. Old City of Acre

    Old City of Acre

  3. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

  1. Samarra Archaeological City

    Samarra Archaeological City

  2. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  3. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  1. Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

    Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

  2. Ajanta Caves

    Ajanta Caves

  3. Gonbad-e Qābus

    Gonbad-e Qābus

  1. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  2. Citadel of Ho Dynasty

    Citadel of Ho Dynasty

  3. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  1. Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

    Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

  2. The Historic Centre of Macao

    The Historic Centre of Macao

  3. Strait of Malacca

    Strait of Malacca

  1. The Great Wall

    The Great Wall

  2. Goa

    Goa

  3. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  1. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

  2. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

    Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

  3. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  1. Bisotun

    Bisotun

  2. My Son Sanctuary

    My Son Sanctuary

  3. Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

    Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

  1. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  2. Itchan Kala

    Itchan Kala

  3. Historic City of Ayutthaya

    Historic City of Ayutthaya

  1. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  2. Ancient City of Ping Yao

    Ancient City of Ping Yao

  3. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  1. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  2. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  3. Borobudur Temple Compounds

    Borobudur Temple Compounds

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top