Complex of Koguryo Tombs

Complex of Koguryo Tombs

The Complex of Goguryeo Tombs (Complex of Koguryo Tombs) lie in North Korea. In July 2004, they became the first UNESCO World Heritage site in the country. The site consists of 30 individual tombs from the later Goguryeo kingdom, one of Three Kingdoms of Korea, located in the cities of P’yŏngyang and Namp’o. Goguryeo was one of the strongest Korean kingdoms in the north east of China and the Korean Peninsula from 37 BCE to the 7th century CE. The kingdom was founded in the present day area of Northern Korea, and part of Manchuria around 37 BCE, and the capital was transferred to P’yŏngyang in 427 CE.

Many of the tombs, such as the Anak Tomb No. 3, have wall paintings. The tombs are almost all that remains from this culture. There are over 10,000 Goguryeo tombs overall, but only about 90 of those unearthed in China and Korea have wall paintings. The Complex of Goguryeo Tombs inscribed on the World Heritage List contains the majority of these tombs with wall paintings. It is thought that the complex was used as a burial site for kings, queens and other members of the royal family. The paintings found on the tombs offer a unique insight into the everyday life of the Goguryeo period. The group includes the Tomb of King Tongmyong.

The murals are strongly coloured and show daily life and Korean mythologies of the time. By 2005, 70 murals had been found, mostly in the Taedong river basin near Pyongyang, the Anak area in South Hwanghae province, and in Ji’an in China’s Jilin province.

The following criteria were considered by UNESCO to merit the Goguryeo tombs’ inscription as a World Heritage site:

The wall paintings are masterpieces of the Goguryeo period. The tombs themselves reflect ingenious engineering capabilities.
The site offers exceptional insights into the Goguryeo culture, both into everyday life and burial customs.
The Goguryeo tombs are an important example of this burial typology.
In May 2006, 2,360 individual tombs were discovered at the site of the ancient Goguryeo kingdom during work on the Yunfeng Reservoir. Ruins of an ancient city were discovered as well. Among the ruins was a city wall that was 1.5 meters tall and four meters wide. Evidence also suggested the presence of a moat. A dozen tombs were found within the city.

Outline
The Complex of Goguryeo Tombs (Complex of Koguryo Tombs) lie in North Korea.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

    Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

  2. Itchan Kala

    Itchan Kala

  3. Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

    Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

  1. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

    Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

  2. Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

    Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

  3. Masada

    Masada

  1. The Great Wall

    The Great Wall

  2. Ajanta Caves

    Ajanta Caves

  3. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  1. Takht-e Soleyman

    Takht-e Soleyman

  2. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

    Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

  3. Leshan Giant Buddha

    Leshan Giant Buddha

  1. Lorentz National Park

    Lorentz National Park

  2. Borobudur Temple Compounds

    Borobudur Temple Compounds

  3. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  1. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  2. Old City of Acre

    Old City of Acre

  3. Fujian Tulou

    Fujian Tulou

  1. Petra

    Petra

  2. Town of Luang Prabang

    Town of Luang Prabang

  3. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  1. Gonbad-e Qābus

    Gonbad-e Qābus

  2. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  3. Agra Fort

    Agra Fort

  1. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

  2. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

  3. Mountain Railways of India

    Mountain Railways of India

  1. Historic City of Ayutthaya

    Historic City of Ayutthaya

  2. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  3. Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

    Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

  1. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  2. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  3. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

    Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

  1. Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

    Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

  2. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  3. Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

    Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

  1. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  2. Strait of Malacca

    Strait of Malacca

  3. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top