Mount Kōya

Mount Kōya

Mount Kōya (高野山 Kōya-san?) is the name of mountains in Wakayama Prefecture to the south of Osaka. Also, Kōya-san is a modifying word for Kongōbu-ji (金剛峯寺). There is no one mountain officially called Kōya-san (高野山) in Japan.

First settled in 819 by the monk Kūkai, Mt. Kōya is primarily known as the world headquarters of the Kōyasan Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism. Located in an 800 m high valley amid the eight peaks of the mountain (which was the reason this location was selected, in that the terrain is supposed to resemble a lotus plant), the original monastery has grown into the town of Kōya, featuring a university dedicated to religious studies and 120 temples, many of which offer lodging to pilgrims. The mountain is home to the following famous sites:

Okunoin (奥の院), the mausoleum of Kūkai, surrounded by an immense graveyard (the largest in Japan)
Danjogaran (壇上伽藍), a heartland of Mt. Kōya.
Konpon Daitō (根本大塔), a pagoda that according to Shingon doctrine represents the central point of a mandala covering not only Mt. Kōya but all of Japan
Kongōbu-ji (金剛峯寺), the head temple of the Kōyasan Shingon Buddhism
Kōyasan chōishi-michi, the traditional route up the mountain
It also houses a replica of the Nestorian stele
In 2004, UNESCO designated Mt. Kōya, along with two other locations on the Kii Peninsula, Yoshino and Omine; and Kumano Sanzan, as World Heritage Sites “Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range”.

Outline
Mount Kōya (高野山 Kōya-san?) is the name of mountains in Wakayama Prefecture to the south of Osaka.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

    Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

  2. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

  3. Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

    Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

  1. Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

    Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

  2. Goa

    Goa

  3. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  1. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  2. Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

    Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

  3. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

    Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

  1. Ancient City of Ping Yao

    Ancient City of Ping Yao

  2. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

  3. Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

    Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

  1. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  2. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  3. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  1. My Son Sanctuary

    My Son Sanctuary

  2. Petra

    Petra

  3. Leshan Giant Buddha

    Leshan Giant Buddha

  1. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

  2. Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

    Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

  3. Wadi Rum Protected Area

    Wadi Rum Protected Area

  1. The Great Wall

    The Great Wall

  2. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  3. Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

    Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

  1. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  2. Rinnō-ji

    Rinnō-ji

  3. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  1. Citadel of Ho Dynasty

    Citadel of Ho Dynasty

  2. Rohtas Fort

    Rohtas Fort

  3. Old Town of Lijiang

    Old Town of Lijiang

  1. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  2. Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

    Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

  3. Borobudur Temple Compounds

    Borobudur Temple Compounds

  1. Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

    Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

  2. Strait of Malacca

    Strait of Malacca

  3. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  1. Takht-e Soleyman

    Takht-e Soleyman

  2. Agra Fort

    Agra Fort

  3. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top