Mount Kōya

Mount Kōya

Mount Kōya (高野山 Kōya-san?) is the name of mountains in Wakayama Prefecture to the south of Osaka. Also, Kōya-san is a modifying word for Kongōbu-ji (金剛峯寺). There is no one mountain officially called Kōya-san (高野山) in Japan.

First settled in 819 by the monk Kūkai, Mt. Kōya is primarily known as the world headquarters of the Kōyasan Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism. Located in an 800 m high valley amid the eight peaks of the mountain (which was the reason this location was selected, in that the terrain is supposed to resemble a lotus plant), the original monastery has grown into the town of Kōya, featuring a university dedicated to religious studies and 120 temples, many of which offer lodging to pilgrims. The mountain is home to the following famous sites:

Okunoin (奥の院), the mausoleum of Kūkai, surrounded by an immense graveyard (the largest in Japan)
Danjogaran (壇上伽藍), a heartland of Mt. Kōya.
Konpon Daitō (根本大塔), a pagoda that according to Shingon doctrine represents the central point of a mandala covering not only Mt. Kōya but all of Japan
Kongōbu-ji (金剛峯寺), the head temple of the Kōyasan Shingon Buddhism
Kōyasan chōishi-michi, the traditional route up the mountain
It also houses a replica of the Nestorian stele
In 2004, UNESCO designated Mt. Kōya, along with two other locations on the Kii Peninsula, Yoshino and Omine; and Kumano Sanzan, as World Heritage Sites “Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range”.

Outline
Mount Kōya (高野山 Kōya-san?) is the name of mountains in Wakayama Prefecture to the south of Osaka.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  2. Goa

    Goa

  3. Ryōan-ji

    Ryōan-ji

  1. Bisotun

    Bisotun

  2. Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

    Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

  3. Citadel of Ho Dynasty

    Citadel of Ho Dynasty

  1. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  2. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  3. Itchan Kala

    Itchan Kala

  1. Borobudur Temple Compounds

    Borobudur Temple Compounds

  2. Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

    Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

  3. Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

    Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

  1. Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

    Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

  2. Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  3. Gonbad-e Qābus

    Gonbad-e Qābus

  1. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  2. Strait of Malacca

    Strait of Malacca

  3. Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

    Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

  1. Takht-e Soleyman

    Takht-e Soleyman

  2. Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

    Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

  3. Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

    Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

  1. Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

    Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

  2. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  3. Petra

    Petra

  1. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

  2. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

  3. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  1. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  2. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  3. My Son Sanctuary

    My Son Sanctuary

  1. Old City of Acre

    Old City of Acre

  2. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

    Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

  3. Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

    Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

  1. The Historic Centre of Macao

    The Historic Centre of Macao

  2. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

    Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

  3. Fujian Tulou

    Fujian Tulou

  1. Old Town of Lijiang

    Old Town of Lijiang

  2. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  3. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top