Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora

Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora

The Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora (Gruenberg) is a religious building in Žďár nad Sázavou, Czech Republic, near the border between Bohemia and Moravia. It is the final work of Jan Santini Aichel, a Bohemian architect who combined the Borrominiesque Baroque with references to Gothic elements in both construction and decoration.

In 1719, when the Roman Catholic Church declared the tongue of John of Nepomuk to be “incorruptible”, work started to build a church in Zelena Hora, where the future saint had received his early education. It was consecrated immediately after John’s beatification in 1720, although construction works lumbered on until 1727. Half a century later, after a serious fire, the shape of the roof was altered.

The church, with many furnishings designed by Santini himself, is remarkable for its gothicizing features and complex symbolism, quite unusual for the time. In 1993, it was declared a World Heritage Site. The nomination dossier pointed out to Santini’s ratios aimed at “the creation of an independent spatial reality”, with “the number 5 being dominant in the layout and proportions” of the church.

Outline
The Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora (Gruenberg) is a religious building in Žďár nad Sázavou, Czech Republic, near the border between Bohemia and Moravia.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. The Trulli of Alberobello

    The Trulli of Alberobello

  2. Monastic Island of Reichenau

    Monastic Island of Reichenau

  3. Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

    Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

  1. Litomyšl Castle

    Litomyšl Castle

  2. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  3. Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

    Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

  1. City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

    City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

  2. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  3. Old City of Zamość

    Old City of Zamość

  1. Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

    Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

  2. Engelsberg Ironworks

    Engelsberg Ironworks

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  2. Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

    Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

  3. Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

    Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

  1. Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

    Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

  2. Gough and Inaccessible Islands

    Gough and Inaccessible Islands

  3. Laponian Area

    Laponian Area

  1. Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

    Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

  2. Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

    Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

    Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

  2. Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

    Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Medieval City of Rhodes

    Medieval City of Rhodes

  2. Costiera Amalfitana

    Costiera Amalfitana

  3. Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

    Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

  1. Episcopal City of Albi

    Episcopal City of Albi

  2. San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

  3. Limes

    Limes

  1. Palmeral of Elche

    Palmeral of Elche

  2. Upper Middle Rhine Valley

    Upper Middle Rhine Valley

  3. Roskilde Cathedral

    Roskilde Cathedral

  1. Acropolis of Athens

    Acropolis of Athens

  2. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  3. Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

    Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

  1. Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

    Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

  2. Old and New Towns of Edinburgh

    Old and New Towns of Edinburgh

  3. Schokland and Surroundings

    Schokland and Surroundings

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top