Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora

Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora

The Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora (Gruenberg) is a religious building in Žďár nad Sázavou, Czech Republic, near the border between Bohemia and Moravia. It is the final work of Jan Santini Aichel, a Bohemian architect who combined the Borrominiesque Baroque with references to Gothic elements in both construction and decoration.

In 1719, when the Roman Catholic Church declared the tongue of John of Nepomuk to be “incorruptible”, work started to build a church in Zelena Hora, where the future saint had received his early education. It was consecrated immediately after John’s beatification in 1720, although construction works lumbered on until 1727. Half a century later, after a serious fire, the shape of the roof was altered.

The church, with many furnishings designed by Santini himself, is remarkable for its gothicizing features and complex symbolism, quite unusual for the time. In 1993, it was declared a World Heritage Site. The nomination dossier pointed out to Santini’s ratios aimed at “the creation of an independent spatial reality”, with “the number 5 being dominant in the layout and proportions” of the church.

Outline
The Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora (Gruenberg) is a religious building in Žďár nad Sázavou, Czech Republic, near the border between Bohemia and Moravia.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Warszawa

    Warszawa

  2. Wieliczka Salt Mine

    Wieliczka Salt Mine

  3. Medieval Town of Torun

    Medieval Town of Torun

  1. Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

    Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

  2. Churches of Moldavia

    Churches of Moldavia

  3. Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

    Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

  1. Monastic Island of Reichenau

    Monastic Island of Reichenau

  2. Limes

    Limes

  3. Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin, Granada

    Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin, Granada

  1. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  2. Old Rauma

    Old Rauma

  3. Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

    Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

  1. Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

    Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

  2. Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

    Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

  3. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

    Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

  1. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  2. Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

    Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

  3. Wartburg Castle

    Wartburg Castle

  1. Alhambra

    Alhambra

  2. Semmering Railway

    Semmering Railway

  3. Las Médulas

    Las Médulas

  1. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  2. Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

    Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Episcopal City of Albi

    Episcopal City of Albi

  2. La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

    La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

  3. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  1. Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

    Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

  2. Acropolis, Athens

    Acropolis, Athens

  3. Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

    Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

  1. Universidade de Coimbra

    Universidade de Coimbra

  2. Rila Monastery

    Rila Monastery

  3. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  1. City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

  2. Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

    Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

  3. Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht

    Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht

  1. Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida

    Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida

  2. Engelsberg Ironworks

    Engelsberg Ironworks

  3. Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

    Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top