Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps is a series of prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements in and around the Alps built from around 5000 to 500 B.C. on the edges of lakes, rivers or wetlands. 111 sites, located in Austria (5 sites), France (11), Germany (18), Italy (19), Slovenia (2), and Switzerland (56), were added to UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 2011. In Slovenia, this is the first cultural world heritage site.

Excavations, only conducted in some of the sites, have yielded evidence that provides insight into life in prehistoric times during the Neolithic and Bronze Age in Alpine Europe and the way communities interacted with their environment. As the nomination stated, the settlements are a unique group of exceptionally well-preserved and culturally rich archaeological sites, which constitute one of the most important sources for the study of early agrarian societies in the region.

Contrary to popular belief, the houses were not erected over water, but on nearby marshy land. They were set on piles to protect against occasional flooding. Because the lakes have grown in size over time, many of the original piles are now under water, giving modern observers the false impression that they always had been.

Outline
Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps is a series of prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements in and around the Alps built from around 5000 to 500 B.C. on the edges of lakes, rivers or wetlands. 111 sites, located in Austria (5 sites), France (11), Germany (18), Italy (19), Slovenia (2), and Switzerland (56), were added to UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 2011.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  2. Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica

    Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica

  3. Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

    Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

  1. Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

    Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

  2. Old City of Zamość

    Old City of Zamość

  3. Hanseatic City of Lübeck

    Hanseatic City of Lübeck

  1. Wieliczka Salt Mine

    Wieliczka Salt Mine

  2. Acropolis of Athens

    Acropolis of Athens

  3. Historic Centre of Évora

    Historic Centre of Évora

  1. Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct

    Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct

  2. Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

    Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

  3. Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

    Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

  1. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  2. La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia

    La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia

  3. Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

    Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

  1. Gough and Inaccessible Islands

    Gough and Inaccessible Islands

  2. Tower of London

    Tower of London

  3. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  1. Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

    Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

  2. Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

    Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

  3. Pienza

    Pienza

  1. San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

  2. Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

    Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

  3. Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

    Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

  1. Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

    Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

  2. Wartburg Castle

    Wartburg Castle

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

    Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

  2. Ironbridge Gorge

    Ironbridge Gorge

  3. Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

    Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

  1. Medieval City of Rhodes

    Medieval City of Rhodes

  2. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  3. The Wadden Sea

    The Wadden Sea

  1. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  2. City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

    City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

  3. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  1. Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

    Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

  2. Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon

    Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon

  3. Costiera Amalfitana

    Costiera Amalfitana

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top