Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal (Russian: о́зеро Байка́л, tr. Ozero Baykal, IPA: [ˈozʲɪrə bɐjˈkal]; Buryat: Байгал нуур, Mongolian: Байгал нуур, Baygal nuur, meaning “nature lake”;) is a rift lake in the south of the Russian region of Siberia, between the Irkutsk Oblast to the northwest and the Buryat Republic to the southeast.

Lake Baikal is the freshwater lake with greatest volume in the world, containing roughly 20% of the world’s unfrozen surface fresh water, and at 1,642 m (5,387 ft), the deepest. It is also among the clearest of all lakes, and thought to be the world’s oldest lake at 25 million years. It is the 7th largest lake in the world by surface area.

Like Lake Tanganyika, Lake Baikal was formed as an ancient rift valley, having the typical long crescent shape with a surface area of 31,722 km2 (12,248 sq mi). Baikal is home to more than 1,700 species of plants and animals, two thirds of which can be found nowhere else in the world and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996. It is also home to Buryat tribes who reside on the eastern side of Lake Baikal, rearing goats, camels, cattle and sheep, where the regional average temperatures vary from a minimum of −19 °C (−2 °F) in winter to maximum of 14 °C (57 °F) in summer.

Outline
Lake Baikal (Russian: о́зеро Байка́л, tr. Ozero Baykal, IPA: [ˈozʲɪrə bɐjˈkal]; Buryat: Байгал нуур, Mongolian: Байгал нуур, Baygal nuur, meaning "nature lake";) is a rift lake in the south of the Russian region of Siberia, between the Irkutsk Oblast to the northwest and the Buryat Republic to the southeast.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Pienza

    Pienza

  2. Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

    Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

  3. The Trulli of Alberobello

    The Trulli of Alberobello

  1. La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

    La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

  2. Alto Douro Wine Region

    Alto Douro Wine Region

  3. Lednice – Valtice Cultural Landscape

    Lednice – Valtice Cultural Landscape

  1. Historic Areas of Istanbul

    Historic Areas of Istanbul

  2. Palmeral of Elche

    Palmeral of Elche

  3. Ilulissat Icefjord

    Ilulissat Icefjord

  1. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  2. Medieval City of Rhodes

    Medieval City of Rhodes

  3. Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

    Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

  1. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  2. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  3. Churches of Moldavia

    Churches of Moldavia

  1. Porto Venere

    Porto Venere

  2. Acropolis of Athens

    Acropolis of Athens

  3. Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

    Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

  1. Universidade de Coimbra

    Universidade de Coimbra

  2. Historic Site of Lyons

    Historic Site of Lyons

  3. Acropolis, Athens

    Acropolis, Athens

  1. The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainault)

    The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainault)

  2. Gough and Inaccessible Islands

    Gough and Inaccessible Islands

  3. Tower of London

    Tower of London

  1. Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

    Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

  2. Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

    Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

  3. Tower of Hercules

    Tower of Hercules

  1. Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

    Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

  2. Monastic Island of Reichenau

    Monastic Island of Reichenau

  3. Lugo

    Lugo

  1. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  2. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  3. Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

    Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

  1. Wieliczka Salt Mine

    Wieliczka Salt Mine

  2. Old Rauma

    Old Rauma

  3. Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

    Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

  1. Wartburg Castle

    Wartburg Castle

  2. Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

    Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

  3. Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

    Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top