Hal Saflieni Hypogeum

Hal Saflieni Hypogeum

The Hypogeum of Paola, Malta, (Ipoġew in Maltese) literally meaning “underground” in Greek, is a subterranean structure dating to the Saflieni phase (3300-3000 BC) in Maltese prehistory. Thought to have been originally a sanctuary, it became a necropolis in prehistoric times and the remains of more than 7,000 individuals have been found. It is the only known prehistoric underground temple in the world. The Hypogeum was depicted on a 2 cents 5 mils stamp issued in the Maltese Islands in 1980 to commemorate the acceptance by UNESCO of this unique structure in the World Heritage Site list. It was closed to visitors between 1992 and 1996 for restoration works; since it reopened only 60 people per day are allowed entry.

It was discovered by accident in 1902 when workers cutting cisterns for a new housing development broke through its roof. The workers tried to hide the temple at first, but eventually it was found. The study of the structure was first entrusted to Father Manuel Magri of the Society of Jesus, who directed the excavations on behalf of the Museums Committee. Magri died in 1907, before the publication of the report. Following Magri’s sudden death, excavation resumed under Sir Themistocles Zammit.

Outline
The Hypogeum of Paola, Malta, (Ipoġew in Maltese) literally meaning "underground" in Greek, is a subterranean structure dating to the Saflieni phase (3300-3000 BC) in Maltese prehistory.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Semmering Railway

    Semmering Railway

  2. Episcopal City of Albi

    Episcopal City of Albi

  3. City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

  1. Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

    Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

  2. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  3. Limes

    Limes

  1. Churches of Moldavia

    Churches of Moldavia

  2. Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

    Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

  3. Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

    Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

  1. Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon

    Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon

  2. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  3. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  1. Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

    Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

  2. L’viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre

    L’viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre

  3. Upper Middle Rhine Valley

    Upper Middle Rhine Valley

  1. Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

    Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

  2. Ilulissat Icefjord

    Ilulissat Icefjord

  3. Meteora

    Meteora

  1. Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

    Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

  2. Our Lady of Ljeviš

    Our Lady of Ljeviš

  3. Val d’Orcia

    Val d’Orcia

  1. Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

    Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

  2. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  3. Warszawa

    Warszawa

  1. Old Rauma

    Old Rauma

  2. Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

    Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

  3. Antonine Wall

    Antonine Wall

  1. Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

    Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

  2. Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

    Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

  3. Las Médulas

    Las Médulas

  1. Palmeral of Elche

    Palmeral of Elche

  2. Ring of Brodgar

    Ring of Brodgar

  3. Wartburg Castle

    Wartburg Castle

  1. Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht

    Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht

  2. Historic Centre of Évora

    Historic Centre of Évora

  3. Laponian Area

    Laponian Area

  1. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  2. Medieval Town of Torun

    Medieval Town of Torun

  3. Hanseatic City of Lübeck

    Hanseatic City of Lübeck

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top