Hal Saflieni Hypogeum

Hal Saflieni Hypogeum

The Hypogeum of Paola, Malta, (Ipoġew in Maltese) literally meaning “underground” in Greek, is a subterranean structure dating to the Saflieni phase (3300-3000 BC) in Maltese prehistory. Thought to have been originally a sanctuary, it became a necropolis in prehistoric times and the remains of more than 7,000 individuals have been found. It is the only known prehistoric underground temple in the world. The Hypogeum was depicted on a 2 cents 5 mils stamp issued in the Maltese Islands in 1980 to commemorate the acceptance by UNESCO of this unique structure in the World Heritage Site list. It was closed to visitors between 1992 and 1996 for restoration works; since it reopened only 60 people per day are allowed entry.

It was discovered by accident in 1902 when workers cutting cisterns for a new housing development broke through its roof. The workers tried to hide the temple at first, but eventually it was found. The study of the structure was first entrusted to Father Manuel Magri of the Society of Jesus, who directed the excavations on behalf of the Museums Committee. Magri died in 1907, before the publication of the report. Following Magri’s sudden death, excavation resumed under Sir Themistocles Zammit.

Outline
The Hypogeum of Paola, Malta, (Ipoġew in Maltese) literally meaning "underground" in Greek, is a subterranean structure dating to the Saflieni phase (3300-3000 BC) in Maltese prehistory.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Churches of Moldavia

    Churches of Moldavia

  2. Old Rauma

    Old Rauma

  3. Upper Middle Rhine Valley

    Upper Middle Rhine Valley

  1. Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

    Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

  2. Pienza

    Pienza

  3. Episcopal City of Albi

    Episcopal City of Albi

  1. Ironbridge Gorge

    Ironbridge Gorge

  2. Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

    Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

  3. Laponian Area

    Laponian Area

  1. City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

    City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

  2. Rila Monastery

    Rila Monastery

  3. Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

    Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

  1. Medieval Town of Torun

    Medieval Town of Torun

  2. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  3. Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

    Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

  1. Meteora

    Meteora

  2. Gough and Inaccessible Islands

    Gough and Inaccessible Islands

  3. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  1. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  2. Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

    Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

  3. Engelsberg Ironworks

    Engelsberg Ironworks

  1. Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

    Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

  2. Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

    Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

  3. Roskilde Cathedral

    Roskilde Cathedral

  1. Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

    Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

  2. Universidade de Coimbra

    Universidade de Coimbra

  3. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  1. Wartburg Castle

    Wartburg Castle

  2. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

    The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

  3. Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

    Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

  1. Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

    Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

  2. La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia

    La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia

  3. Old City of Zamość

    Old City of Zamość

  1. Monastic Island of Reichenau

    Monastic Island of Reichenau

  2. Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

    Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

  3. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  1. Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

    Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

  2. La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

    La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

  3. Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

    Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top