Bryggen

Bryggen

Bryggen (Norwegian for the Wharf), also known as Tyskebryggen (the German Wharf) is a series of Hanseatic commercial buildings lining the eastern side of the fjord coming into Bergen, Norway. Bryggen has since 1979 been on the UNESCO list for World Cultural Heritage sites. The name has the same origin as the Flemish city of Brugge.

The city of Bergen was founded in 1070. The area of the present Bryggen constitutes the oldest part of the city. Around 1360 a Kontor of the Hanseatic League was established there, now documented in a museum. As the town developed into an important trading centre, the wharfs were improved. The buildings of Bryggen were gradually taken over by the Hanseatic merchants. The warehouses were filled with goods, particularly fish from northern Norway, and cereal from Europe.

Throughout history, Bergen has experienced many fires, since, traditionally, most houses were made from wood. This was also the case for Bryggen, and as of today, around a quarter dates back to the time after 1702, when the older wharfside warehouses and administrative buildings burned down. The rest predominantly consists of younger structures, although there are some stone cellars that date back to the 15th century.

Parts of Bryggen were destroyed in a fire in 1955. This enabled a thirteen-year archaeological excavation to take place, revealing amongst other things the hitherto unimagined wealth of day-to-day runic inscriptions known as the Bryggen inscriptions. This area was used for the construction of Bryggen museum containing archeological remains, plus some old-style wooden houses, these being the six leftmost houses on the panoramic picture below. Controversially, a brick hotel was also raised on the premises, which is seen behind these six houses.

Today, Bryggen houses tourist, souvenir, and gift shops, in addition to restaurants, pubs and museums.

Outline
Bryggen (Norwegian for the Wharf), also known as Tyskebryggen (the German Wharf) is a series of Hanseatic commercial buildings lining the eastern side of the fjord coming into Bergen, Norway.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

    Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

  2. The Wadden Sea

    The Wadden Sea

  3. Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

    Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

  1. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  2. Upper Middle Rhine Valley

    Upper Middle Rhine Valley

  3. San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

  1. Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin, Granada

    Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin, Granada

  2. Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct

    Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct

  3. Val d’Orcia

    Val d’Orcia

  1. Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

    Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

  2. Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida

    Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida

  3. Gough and Inaccessible Islands

    Gough and Inaccessible Islands

  1. L’viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre

    L’viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre

  2. Palmeral of Elche

    Palmeral of Elche

  3. Tower of London

    Tower of London

  1. Medieval City of Rhodes

    Medieval City of Rhodes

  2. Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

    Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  2. La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

    La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

  3. Churches of Moldavia

    Churches of Moldavia

  1. Alto Douro Wine Region

    Alto Douro Wine Region

  2. Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

    Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

  3. Wieliczka Salt Mine

    Wieliczka Salt Mine

  1. Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

    Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

  2. Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

    Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

  3. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  1. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  2. Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

    Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

  3. Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

    Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

  1. City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

  2. Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

    Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

  3. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

  1. Schokland and Surroundings

    Schokland and Surroundings

  2. Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

    Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

  3. Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

    Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

  1. Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

    Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

  2. Semmering Railway

    Semmering Railway

  3. Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

    Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top