Megalithic Temples of Malta

Megalithic Temples of Malta

The Megalithic Temples of Malta are the eleven prehistoric monuments, of which seven are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, built during three distinct time periods between 3000 BC and 700 BC approximately. They have been claimed as the oldest free-standing structures on Earth, although the largely buried Göbekli Tepe complex is now believed to be older. Archaeologists believe that these megalithic complexes are the result of local innovations in a process of cultural evolution. This led to the building of several temples of the Ġgantija phase (3600-3000 BC), culminating in the large Tarxien temple complex, which remained in use until 2500 BC. After this date, the temple building culture disappeared.

The Ġgantija temples (two sites) were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.[9] In 1992, the UNESCO Committee further extended the existing listing to include five other megalithic temple sites. These are Ħaġar Qim (in Qrendi), Mnajdra (in Qrendi), Ta’ Ħaġrat Temples (in Mġarr), Skorba Temples (in Żebbiegħ) and Tarxien Temples (in Tarxien).Nowadays, the sites are managed by Heritage Malta, while ownership of the surrounding lands varies from site to site.

Other sites apart from those included in the UNESCO World Heritage list include Borġ in-Nadur (in Birżebbuġa), Kordin III, Il-Bidni, Xemxija Temple, Hal Ginwi Temples, Tal-Quadi (fr, ru), Ta’ Marżiena, Ta’ Raddiena,[L-Imramma Temple, Buġibba,[Santa Verna, Tas-Silġ (in Żejtun) and a complex network of tracks gouged in the rock Misraħ Għar il-Kbir (in Dingli) and other.

Outline
The Megalithic Temples of Malta are the eleven prehistoric monuments, of which seven are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, built during three distinct time periods between 3000 BC and 700 BC approximately

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

  2. Wartburg Castle

    Wartburg Castle

  3. Palmeral of Elche

    Palmeral of Elche

  1. Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

    Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

  2. Porto Venere

    Porto Venere

  3. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  1. Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

    Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

  2. Alhambra

    Alhambra

  3. Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

    Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

  1. Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

    Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

  2. San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

  3. Hanseatic City of Lübeck

    Hanseatic City of Lübeck

  1. Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

    Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

  2. Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

    Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Tower of Hercules

    Tower of Hercules

  2. Costiera Amalfitana

    Costiera Amalfitana

  3. Universidade de Coimbra

    Universidade de Coimbra

  1. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  2. Acropolis of Athens

    Acropolis of Athens

  3. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  1. Ring of Brodgar

    Ring of Brodgar

  2. Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

    Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

  3. Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

    Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

  1. Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

    Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

  2. Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

    Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

  3. Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

    Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

  1. Val d’Orcia

    Val d’Orcia

  2. Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns

    Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns

  3. Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

    Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

  1. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

    The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

  2. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  3. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  1. Upper Middle Rhine Valley

    Upper Middle Rhine Valley

  2. City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

    City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

  3. Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

    Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

  1. Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

    Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

  2. Ilulissat Icefjord

    Ilulissat Icefjord

  3. Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

    Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top