Archaeological Site of Troy

Archaeological Site of Troy

Troy (Ancient Greek: Ἴλιον, Ilion, or Ἴλιος, Ilios; and Τροία, Troia; Latin: Trōia and Īlium; Hittite: Wilusa or Truwisa; Turkish: Truva) was a city well-known to both history and legend (as well as archaeology), and situated in northwest Anatolia in what is now Turkey, south of the southwest end of the Dardanelles/Hellespont and northwest of Mount Ida. It is best known for being the setting of the Trojan War described in the Greek Epic Cycle and especially in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems attributed to Homer. Metrical evidence from the Iliad and the Odyssey seems to show that the name Ἴλιον (Ilion) formerly began with a digamma: Ϝίλιον (Wilion). This was later supported by the Hittite form Wilusa.

A new city called Ilium was founded on the site in the reign of the Roman Emperor Augustus. It flourished until the establishment of Constantinople and declined gradually during the Byzantine era.

In 1865, English archaeologist Frank Calvert excavated trial trenches in a field he had bought from a local farmer at Hisarlık, and in 1868, Heinrich Schliemann, wealthy German businessman and archaeologist, also began excavating in the area after a chance meeting with Calvert in Çanakkale. These excavations revealed several cities built in succession. Schliemann was at first skeptical about the identification of Hisarlik with Troy, but was persuaded by Calvert and took over Calvert’s excavations on the eastern half of the Hisarlik site, which was on Calvert’s property. Troy VII has been identified with the Hittite Wilusa, the probable origin of the Greek Ἴλιον, and is generally (but not conclusively) identified with Homeric Troy.

Today, the hill at Hisarlik has given its name to a small village near the ruins, supporting the tourist trade visiting the Troia archaeological site. It lies within the province of Çanakkale, some 30 km south-west of the provincial capital, also called Çanakkale. The nearest village is Tevfikiye. The map here shows the adapted Scamander estuary with Ilium a little way inland across the Homeric plain.

Troia was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1998.

Outline
Troy (Ancient Greek: Ἴλιον, Ilion, or Ἴλιος, Ilios; and Τροία, Troia; Latin: Trōia and Īlium; Hittite: Wilusa or Truwisa; Turkish: Truva) was a city well-known to both history and legend (as well as archaeology), and situated in northwest Anatolia in what is now Turkey, south of the southwest end of the Dardanelles/Hellespont and northwest of Mount Ida.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Acropolis, Athens

    Acropolis, Athens

  2. Universidade de Coimbra

    Universidade de Coimbra

  3. San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

  1. Our Lady of Ljeviš

    Our Lady of Ljeviš

  2. Antonine Wall

    Antonine Wall

  3. Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

    Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

  1. Las Médulas

    Las Médulas

  2. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  3. Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

    Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

  1. Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica

    Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica

  2. Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

    Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

  3. Acropolis of Athens

    Acropolis of Athens

  1. City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

    City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

  2. Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

    Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

  3. Rila Monastery

    Rila Monastery

  1. Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

    Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

  2. Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

    Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

  3. Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

    Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

  1. Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

    Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

  2. Churches of Moldavia

    Churches of Moldavia

  3. Ironbridge Gorge

    Ironbridge Gorge

  1. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  2. City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

  3. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  1. Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida

    Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida

  2. Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

    Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

  3. Historic Areas of Istanbul

    Historic Areas of Istanbul

  1. Wartburg Castle

    Wartburg Castle

  2. Old Rauma

    Old Rauma

  3. Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

    Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

  1. Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

    Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

  2. Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

    Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

  3. Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent

    Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent

  1. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  2. Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

    Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

  3. Roskilde Cathedral

    Roskilde Cathedral

  1. Warszawa

    Warszawa

  2. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

    Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

  3. The Wadden Sea

    The Wadden Sea

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top