Natural System of Wrangel Island Reserve

Natural System of Wrangel Island Reserve

Wrangel Island (Russian: о́стров Вра́нгеля, tr. ostrov Vrangelya, IPA: [ˈostrəf ˈvrangʲɪlʲə]) is an island in the Arctic Ocean, between the Chukchi Sea and East Siberian Sea. Wrangel Island lies astride the 180° meridian. The International Date Line is displaced eastwards at this latitude to avoid the island as well as the Chukchi Peninsula on the Russian mainland. The closest land to Wrangel Island is tiny and rocky Herald Island located 60 km (37 mi) to the east.The distance to the closest point on the mainland is 140 km (87 mi). Wrangel Island may have been the last place on earth where mammoths survived.

Nearly all of Wrangel Island, and Herald Island, are a federally protected nature sanctuary administered by Russia’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. The island, and its surrounding waters, were classified as a “Zapovednik” (a “strict nature reserve”) in 1976 and, as such, receive the highest level of protection and excludes practically all human activity other than for scientific purposes. The Chukotka Regional government extended the marine protected area out to 24 nautical miles in 1999. As of 2003, there were four rangers who reside on the island year-round. In addition a core of about 12 scientists conduct research during the summer months.

Wrangel Island is about 125 km (78 mi) wide and 7,600 km2 (2,900 sq mi) in area. It consists of a southern coastal plain that is as wide as 15 km (9.3 mi); a central belt of low-relief mountains; and a northern coastal plain that is as wide as 25 km (16 mi). The east-west trending central mountain belt, the Tsentral’nye Mountain Range, is as much as 40 km (25 mi) wide and 145 km (90 mi) long from coast to coast. Typically, the mountains are a little over 500 m (1,600 ft) above mean sea level. The highest mountain on this island is Sovetskaya Mountain with an elevation of 1,096 m (3,596 ft) above mean sea level. The east-west trending mountain range terminates at sea cliffs at either end of the island.

Wrangel Island belongs administratively to the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug of the Russian Federation. This rocky island has a weather station and, formerly, two Chukchi fishing settlements on the southern side of the island (Ushakovskoye and Zvyozdny on the shore of Somnitelnaya Bay).

Outline
Wrangel Island (Russian: о́стров Вра́нгеля, tr. ostrov Vrangelya, IPA: [ˈostrəf ˈvrangʲɪlʲə]) is an island in the Arctic Ocean, between the Chukchi Sea and East Siberian Sea. Wrangel Island lies astride the 180° meridian.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

    City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

  2. Episcopal City of Albi

    Episcopal City of Albi

  3. Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

    Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

  1. Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

    Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

  2. Laponian Area

    Laponian Area

  3. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  1. Old City of Zamość

    Old City of Zamość

  2. Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

    Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

  3. Hanseatic City of Lübeck

    Hanseatic City of Lübeck

  1. Historic Site of Lyons

    Historic Site of Lyons

  2. Tower of Hercules

    Tower of Hercules

  3. Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica

    Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica

  1. Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

    Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

  2. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

    The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

  3. Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht

    Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht

  1. Historic Centre of Évora

    Historic Centre of Évora

  2. Historic Areas of Istanbul

    Historic Areas of Istanbul

  3. Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

    Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

  1. Medieval City of Rhodes

    Medieval City of Rhodes

  2. San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

  3. Pienza

    Pienza

  1. The Trulli of Alberobello

    The Trulli of Alberobello

  2. Old Rauma

    Old Rauma

  3. Universidade de Coimbra

    Universidade de Coimbra

  1. Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

    Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

  2. Ring of Brodgar

    Ring of Brodgar

  3. Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

    Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

  1. Val d’Orcia

    Val d’Orcia

  2. Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

    Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

  3. Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

    Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

  1. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  2. The Wadden Sea

    The Wadden Sea

  3. Rila Monastery

    Rila Monastery

  1. Roskilde Cathedral

    Roskilde Cathedral

  2. Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

    Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

  3. Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

    Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

  1. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  2. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  3. Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

    Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top