Mount Etna

Mount Etna

Mount Etna (Italian: Etna, Sicilian: Mungibeddu or ‘a Muntagna, Latin: Aetna) is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, in the Province of Catania, between Messina and Catania. It lies above the convergent plate margin between the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate. It is the tallest active volcano on the European continent, currently 3,329 m (10,922 ft) high, though this varies with summit eruptions. It is the highest mountain in Italy south of the Alps. Etna covers an area of 1,190 km2 (459 sq mi) with a basal circumference of 140 km. This makes it by far the largest of the three active volcanoes in Italy, being about two and a half times the height of the next largest, Mount Vesuvius. Only Mount Teide in Tenerife surpasses it in the whole of the European–North-African region. In Greek Mythology, the deadly monster Typhon was trapped under this mountain by Zeus, the god of the sky and thunder and king of gods, and the forges of Hephaestus were said to also be located underneath it.

Mount Etna is one of the most active volcanoes in the world and is in an almost constant state of activity. The fertile volcanic soils support extensive agriculture, with vineyards and orchards spread across the lower slopes of the mountain and the broad Plain of Catania to the south. Due to its history of recent activity and nearby population, Mount Etna has been designated a Decade Volcano by the United Nations. In June 2013, it was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Outline
Mount Etna (Italian: Etna, Sicilian: Mungibeddu or 'a Muntagna, Latin: Aetna) is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, in the Province of Catania, between Messina and Catania.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

    Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

  2. Palmeral of Elche

    Palmeral of Elche

  3. Rila Monastery

    Rila Monastery

  1. Alhambra

    Alhambra

  2. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  3. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

  1. Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

    Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

  2. Acropolis of Athens

    Acropolis of Athens

  3. Meteora

    Meteora

  1. Lugo

    Lugo

  2. Litomyšl Castle

    Litomyšl Castle

  3. Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

    Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

  1. Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

    Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

  2. Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns

    Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns

  3. Schokland and Surroundings

    Schokland and Surroundings

  1. La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

    La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

  2. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  3. Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

    Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

  1. Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

    Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

  2. Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

    Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

  3. The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainault)

    The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainault)

  1. Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin, Granada

    Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin, Granada

  2. Episcopal City of Albi

    Episcopal City of Albi

  3. Tower of Hercules

    Tower of Hercules

  1. Historic Areas of Istanbul

    Historic Areas of Istanbul

  2. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  3. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  1. Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

    Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

  2. Old City of Zamość

    Old City of Zamość

  3. Wieliczka Salt Mine

    Wieliczka Salt Mine

  1. Old and New Towns of Edinburgh

    Old and New Towns of Edinburgh

  2. Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

    Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

  3. Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

    Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

  1. City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

  2. Limes

    Limes

  3. Historic Centre of Évora

    Historic Centre of Évora

  1. Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

    Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

  2. Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

    Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

  3. Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

    Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top