Heart of Neolithic Orkney

Heart of Neolithic Orkney

Heart of Neolithic Orkney refers to a group of Neolithic monuments found on the Mainland, one of the islands of Orkney, Scotland. The name was adopted by UNESCO when it proclaimed these sites as a World Heritage Site in 1999.

The site of patrimony currently consists of four sites:

Maeshowe – a unique chambered cairn and passage grave, aligned so that its central chamber is illuminated on the winter solstice. It was looted by Vikings who left one of the largest collections of runic inscriptions in the world.
Standing Stones of Stenness – the four remaining megaliths of a henge, the largest of which is 6 metres (19 ft) high.
Ring of Brodgar – a stone circle 104 metres in diameter, originally composed of 60 stones set within a circular ditch up to 3 metres deep and 10 metres wide, forming a henge monument. It has been estimated that the structure took 80,000 man-hours to construct.
Skara Brae – a cluster of eight houses making up Northern Europe’s best-preserved Neolithic village.
Ness of Brodgar is an archaeological site between the Ring of Brodgar and the Stones of Stenness that has provided evidence of housing, decorated stone slabs, a massive stone wall with foundations, and a large building described as a Neolithic “cathedral”. Although it is not part of the World Heritage Site, the Ness of Brodgar “contribute[s] greatly to our understanding of the WHS” according to Historic Scotland, which manages most of the site.

In 2008, UNESCO expressed concern about plans by the local council to “erect three large 72 metres wind turbines to the north-west of the Stones of Stennes and the Ring of Brogdar” that might have a potential negative impact on the site.

Outline
Heart of Neolithic Orkney refers to a group of Neolithic monuments found on the Mainland, one of the islands of Orkney, Scotland.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Historic Site of Lyons

    Historic Site of Lyons

  2. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  3. Las Médulas

    Las Médulas

  1. Alto Douro Wine Region

    Alto Douro Wine Region

  2. Medieval City of Rhodes

    Medieval City of Rhodes

  3. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  1. City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

  2. The Wadden Sea

    The Wadden Sea

  3. Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin, Granada

    Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin, Granada

  1. Old Rauma

    Old Rauma

  2. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  3. Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns

    Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns

  1. Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon

    Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon

  2. San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

  3. Old and New Towns of Edinburgh

    Old and New Towns of Edinburgh

  1. Acropolis, Athens

    Acropolis, Athens

  2. Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

    Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

  3. The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainault)

    The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainault)

  1. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  2. Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

    Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

  3. Historic Centre of Évora

    Historic Centre of Évora

  1. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

  2. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  3. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  1. Monastic Island of Reichenau

    Monastic Island of Reichenau

  2. Warszawa

    Warszawa

  3. Antonine Wall

    Antonine Wall

  1. Medieval Town of Torun

    Medieval Town of Torun

  2. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  3. The Trulli of Alberobello

    The Trulli of Alberobello

  1. Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

    Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

  2. Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent

    Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent

  3. Hanseatic City of Lübeck

    Hanseatic City of Lübeck

  1. City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

    City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

  2. Gough and Inaccessible Islands

    Gough and Inaccessible Islands

  3. Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

    Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

  1. Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

    Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

  2. Ironbridge Gorge

    Ironbridge Gorge

  3. Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

    Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top