Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd

Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd

Caernarfon Castle (Welsh: Castell Caernarfon) is a medieval fortress in Caernarfon, Gwynedd, north-west Wales cared for by Cadw, the Welsh Government’s historic environment service. There was a motte-and-bailey castle in the town of Caernarfon from the late 11th century until 1283 when King Edward I of England began replacing it with the current stone structure. The Edwardian town and castle acted as the administrative centre of north Wales and as a result the defences were built on a grand scale. There was a deliberate link with Caernarfon’s Roman past – nearby is the Roman fort of Segontium – and the castle’s walls are reminiscent of the Walls of Constantinople.

While the castle was under construction, town walls were built around Caernarfon. The work cost between £20,000 and £25,000 from the start until the end of work in 1330. Despite Caernarfon Castle’s external appearance of being mostly complete, the interior buildings no longer survive and many of the building plans were never finished. The town and castle were sacked in 1294 when Madog ap Llywelyn led a rebellion against the English. Caernarfon was recaptured the following year. During the Glyndŵr Rising of 1400–1415, the castle was besieged. When the Tudor dynasty ascended to the English throne in 1485, tensions between the Welsh and English began to diminish and castles were considered less important. As a result, Caernarfon Castle was allowed to fall into a state of disrepair.

Despite its dilapidated condition, during the English Civil War Caernarfon Castle was held by Royalists, and was besieged three times by Parliamentarian forces. This was the last time the castle was used in war. Caernarfon Castle was neglected until the 19th century when the state funded repairs. In 1911, Caernarfon Castle was used for the investiture of the Prince of Wales, and again in 1969. It is part of the World Heritage Site “Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd”.

Outline
Caernarfon Castle (Welsh: Castell Caernarfon) is a medieval fortress in Caernarfon, Gwynedd, north-west Wales cared for by Cadw, the Welsh Government's historic environment service.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  2. Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

    Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

  3. Medieval Town of Torun

    Medieval Town of Torun

  1. Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

    Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

  2. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  3. Alto Douro Wine Region

    Alto Douro Wine Region

  1. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  2. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

    Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

  3. Semmering Railway

    Semmering Railway

  1. Tower of Hercules

    Tower of Hercules

  2. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  3. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  1. Lednice – Valtice Cultural Landscape

    Lednice – Valtice Cultural Landscape

  2. Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica

    Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica

  3. Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht

    Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht

  1. Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

    Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

  2. Acropolis of Athens

    Acropolis of Athens

  3. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

    The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

  1. Medieval City of Rhodes

    Medieval City of Rhodes

  2. Alhambra

    Alhambra

  3. Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

    Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

  1. Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

    Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

  2. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  3. Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

    Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

  1. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  2. Monastic Island of Reichenau

    Monastic Island of Reichenau

  3. Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

    Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

  1. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  2. Lugo

    Lugo

  3. Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

    Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

  1. Wieliczka Salt Mine

    Wieliczka Salt Mine

  2. Limes

    Limes

  3. Old and New Towns of Edinburgh

    Old and New Towns of Edinburgh

  1. Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

    Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

  2. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  3. Costiera Amalfitana

    Costiera Amalfitana

  1. Upper Middle Rhine Valley

    Upper Middle Rhine Valley

  2. Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida

    Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida

  3. Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

    Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top