Volcanoes of Kamchatka

Volcanoes of Kamchatka

The volcanoes of Kamchatka are a large group of volcanoes situated on the Kamchatka peninsula. The Kamchatka River and the surrounding central side valley are flanked by large volcanic belts containing around 160 volcanoes, 29 of them still active. The peninsula has a high density of volcanoes and associated volcanic phenomena, with 19 active volcanoes being included in the six UNESCO World Heritage List sites in the Volcanoes of Kamchatka group, most of them on the Kamchatka Peninsula.

The highest volcano is Klyuchevskaya Sopka (4,750 m or 15,584 ft), the largest active volcano in the Northern Hemisphere, while the most striking is Kronotsky, whose perfect cone was said by celebrated volcanologists Robert and Barbara Decker to be a prime candidate for the world’s most beautiful volcano. Somewhat more accessible are the three volcanoes visible from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: Koryaksky, Avachinsky, and Kozelsky. In the center of Kamchatka is Eurasia’s world famous Geyser Valley which was partly destroyed by a massive mudslide in June 2007.

Owing to the Kuril-Kamchatka Trench, deep-focus seismic events and tsunamis are fairly common. A pair of megathrust earthquakes occurred off the coast on October 16, 1737, and on November 4, 1952, in the magnitude of ~9.3 and 8.2 respectively. A chain of more shallow earthquakes were recorded as recently as April 2006.

These volcanic features are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile micro-organisms, that are capable of surviving in extremely hot environments.

Outline
The volcanoes of Kamchatka are a large group of volcanoes situated on the Kamchatka peninsula.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  2. Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

    Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

  3. Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent

    Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent

  1. Upper Middle Rhine Valley

    Upper Middle Rhine Valley

  2. Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht

    Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

    Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

  2. Lednice – Valtice Cultural Landscape

    Lednice – Valtice Cultural Landscape

  3. Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

    Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

  1. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  2. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

    Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

  3. Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

    Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

  1. City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

    City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

  2. Palmeral of Elche

    Palmeral of Elche

  3. Historic Areas of Istanbul

    Historic Areas of Istanbul

  1. Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

    Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

  2. Old City of Zamość

    Old City of Zamość

  3. Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

    Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

  1. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  2. Monastic Island of Reichenau

    Monastic Island of Reichenau

  3. The Trulli of Alberobello

    The Trulli of Alberobello

  1. Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

    Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

  2. Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

    Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

  3. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  1. Wieliczka Salt Mine

    Wieliczka Salt Mine

  2. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

    The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

  3. Las Médulas

    Las Médulas

  1. Warszawa

    Warszawa

  2. Roskilde Cathedral

    Roskilde Cathedral

  3. Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

    Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

  1. Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon

    Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon

  2. Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

    Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

  3. Tower of Hercules

    Tower of Hercules

  1. Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

    Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

  2. Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

    Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

  3. L’viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre

    L’viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre

  1. Churches of Moldavia

    Churches of Moldavia

  2. Rila Monastery

    Rila Monastery

  3. Medieval Town of Torun

    Medieval Town of Torun

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top