Historic Centre of Guimarães

Historic Centre of Guimarães

Guimarães (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɡimɐˈɾɐ̃jʃ]) is a northern Portuguese city located in the district of Braga, in the Ave Subregion (one of the more industrialized subregions of the country), with a population of 52 181 inhabitants, distributed throughout 20 parishes (freguesias in Portuguese), in an urban area of 23.5 square kilometres (9.1 sq mi) with a population density of 2,223.9/km².

It is the seat of a municipality with an area of 241.05 square kilometres (93.07 sq mi) and 162 636 inhabitants (2008), divided in 69 parishes. The municipality is bordered to the north by the municipality of Póvoa de Lanhoso, to the east by Fafe, to the south by Felgueiras, Vizela and Santo Tirso, to the west by Vila Nova de Famalicão and the northwest by Braga.

It is an historical city that had an important role in the formation of Portugal and it was settled in the 9th century, at which time it was called Vimaranes. This denomination might have had its origin in the warrior Vímara Peres, when he chose this area as the main government seat for the County of Portugal which he conquered for the Kingdom of Galicia.

Guimarães is one of the country’s most important historical cities. Its historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, making it one of the largest tourist centers in the region.

The city is often referred to as the “birthplace of the Portuguese nationality” or “the cradle city” (Cidade Berço in Portuguese). This might be because the administrative seat of the County of Portugal was established there by Henry of Burgundy, or that it might also been the birthplace of Afonso I of Portugal, the first Portuguese king or because of the historical role of the city in the Battle of São Mamede (June 24, 1128), which had a tremendous importance in the formation of Portugal and was fought in the vicinity of the city, However, due to the needs of the Reconquista, the governative center was changed to Coimbra in 1129. The “Vimaranenses” are also called “Conquistadores” (the Conquerors) in relation with the historical heritage of the conquest initiated in Guimarães.

Guimarães, jointly with Maribor, Slovenia, was the European Capital of Culture in 2012.

Outline
Guimarães (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɡimɐˈɾɐ̃jʃ]) is a northern Portuguese city located in the district of Braga, in the Ave Subregion (one of the more industrialized subregions of the country), with a population of 52 181 inhabitants, distributed throughout 20 parishes (freguesias in Portuguese), in an urban area of 23.5 square kilometres (9.1 sq mi) with a population density of 2,223.9/km².

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

    Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

  2. Pienza

    Pienza

  3. Antonine Wall

    Antonine Wall

  1. Palmeral of Elche

    Palmeral of Elche

  2. Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

    Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

  3. Historic Centre of Évora

    Historic Centre of Évora

  1. Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

    Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

  2. Tower of Hercules

    Tower of Hercules

  3. Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

    Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

  1. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  2. The Wadden Sea

    The Wadden Sea

  3. Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

    Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

  1. Old Rauma

    Old Rauma

  2. Episcopal City of Albi

    Episcopal City of Albi

  3. Limes

    Limes

  1. Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

    Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

  2. Hanseatic City of Lübeck

    Hanseatic City of Lübeck

  3. Engelsberg Ironworks

    Engelsberg Ironworks

  1. Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

    Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

  2. Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

    Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

  3. Las Médulas

    Las Médulas

  1. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  2. Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

    Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Monastic Island of Reichenau

    Monastic Island of Reichenau

  2. Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

    Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

  3. Gough and Inaccessible Islands

    Gough and Inaccessible Islands

  1. Medieval Town of Torun

    Medieval Town of Torun

  2. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  3. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  1. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

    The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

  2. Warszawa

    Warszawa

  3. Old City of Zamość

    Old City of Zamość

  1. The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainault)

    The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainault)

  2. Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent

    Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent

  3. Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

    Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

  1. Porto Venere

    Porto Venere

  2. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

    Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

  3. Our Lady of Ljeviš

    Our Lady of Ljeviš

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top