Tiwanaku : Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture

Tiwanaku : Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture

Tiwanaku (Spanish: ”Tiahuanaco and Tiahuanacu”) is a Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia, South America. It is the capital of an empire that extended into present-day Peru and Chile, flourishing from AD 300 to AD 1000.

Tiwanaku is recognized by Andean scholars as one of the most important civilizations prior to the Inca Empire; it was the ritual and administrative capital of a major state power for approximately five hundred years. The ruins of the ancient city state are near the south-eastern shore of Lake Titicaca in Tiwanaku Municipality, Ingavi Province, La Paz Department, about 72 km (45 mi) west of La Paz.

The site was first recorded in written history by Spanish conquistador Pedro Cieza de León. He came upon the remains of Tiwanaku in 1549 while searching for the Inca capital Qullasuyu.

The name by which Tiwanaku was known to its inhabitants may have been lost as they had no written language. Puquina language has been pointed out as the most likely language of Tiwanaku.

Outline
Tiwanaku (Spanish: ''Tiahuanaco and Tiahuanacu'') is a Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia, South America.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Central Suriname Nature Reserve

    Central Suriname Nature Reserve

  2. National Archeological Park of Tierradentro

    National Archeological Park of Tierradentro

  3. Río Abiseo National Park

    Río Abiseo National Park

  1. Noel Kempff Mercado National Park

    Noel Kempff Mercado National Park

  2. Easter Island

    Easter Island

  3. Nuestra Señora de Loreto

    Nuestra Señora de Loreto

  1. Los Glaciares National Park

    Los Glaciares National Park

  2. Península Valdés

    Península Valdés

  3. Los Katíos National Park

    Los Katíos National Park

  1. Historic Inner City of Paramaribo

    Historic Inner City of Paramaribo

  2. Manú National Park

    Manú National Park

  3. Lima

    Lima

  1. Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves

    Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves

  2. Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos

    Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos

  3. City of Potosí

    City of Potosí

  1. Chavin (Archaeological Site)

    Chavin (Archaeological Site)

  2. Churches of Chiloé

    Churches of Chiloé

  3. Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue

    Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue

  1. Chan Chan Archaelogical Zone

    Chan Chan Archaelogical Zone

  2. Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana

    Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana

  3. Huascarán National Park

    Huascarán National Park

  1. Serra da Capivara National Park

    Serra da Capivara National Park

  2. Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso

    Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso

  3. Rapa Nui National Park

    Rapa Nui National Park

  1. Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

    Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

  2. Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary

    Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary

  3. Pantanal Conservation Area

    Pantanal Conservation Area

  1. Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina

    Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina

  2. Brasilia

    Brasilia

  3. Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

    Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

  1. Moai

    Moai

  2. Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

    Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

  3. Historic City of Sucre

    Historic City of Sucre

  1. Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

    Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

  2. Sewell Mining Town

    Sewell Mining Town

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top