Harar Jugol, the Fortified Historic Town

Harar Jugol, the Fortified Historic Town

Harar, formerly written Harrar and known to its inhabitants as Gey, is a walled city in eastern Ethiopia, formerly the capital of Harergey and now the capital of the modern Harari ethno-political division (or kilil) of Ethiopia. The city is located on a hilltop in the eastern extension of the Ethiopian Highlands, about five hundred kilometers from Addis Ababa at an elevation of 1,885 meters. Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, Harar has an estimated total population of 122,000, of whom 60,000 were males and 62,000 were females. According to the census of 1994, on which this estimate is based, the city has a population of 76,378.

For centuries, Harar has been a major commercial centre, linked by the trade routes with the rest of Ethiopia, the entire Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and, through its ports, the outside world. Harar Jugol, the old walled city, was included in the World Heritage List in 2006 by UNESCO in recognition of its cultural heritage. It is sometimes known in Arabic as “the City of Saints” (“Madinat al-Awilya”). According to UNESCO, it is “considered ‘the fourth holy city’ of Islam” with 82 mosques, three of which date from the 10th century and 102 shrines.

Founded in the 7th century by Arab immigrants, it was chosen as the capital of the Adal Sultanate from 1554 to 1557. Harar saw a political decline during the Sultanate of Harar, only regaining some significance in the Khedivate of Egypt period. During Abyssinian rule, the city decayed while maintaining a certain cultural prestige. Today, it is the seat of the Harari ethno-political division.

Outline
Harar, formerly written Harrar and known to its inhabitants as Gey, is a walled city in eastern Ethiopia, formerly the capital of Harergey and now the capital of the modern Harari ethno-political division (or kilil) of Ethiopia.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis

    Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis

  2. Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Area

    Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Area

  3. Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa

    Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa

  1. Le Morne Cultural Landscape

    Le Morne Cultural Landscape

  2. Kairouan

    Kairouan

  3. Fort Jesus

    Fort Jesus

  1. Historic Centre of Agadez

    Historic Centre of Agadez

  2. Media of Marrakesh

    Media of Marrakesh

  3. Timbuktu

    Timbuktu

  1. Timgad

    Timgad

  2. Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

    Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

  3. Ecosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda

    Ecosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda

  1. Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve

    Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve

  2. Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela

    Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela

  3. Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve

    Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve

  1. Chongoni Rock-Art Area

    Chongoni Rock-Art Area

  2. M’Zab Valley

    M’Zab Valley

  3. Dougga/Thugga

    Dougga/Thugga

  1. Victoria Falls

    Victoria Falls

  2. Lake Turkana National Parks

    Lake Turkana National Parks

  3. Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe

    Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe

  1. Tomb of Askia

    Tomb of Askia

  2. Lake Malawi National Park

    Lake Malawi National Park

  3. Lamu Old Town

    Lamu Old Town

  1. Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna

    Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna

  2. Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

    Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

  3. Niokolo-Koba National Park

    Niokolo-Koba National Park

  1. Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur

    Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur

  2. Island of Mozambique

    Island of Mozambique

  3. Memphis, Egypt

    Memphis, Egypt

  1. Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park

    Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park

  2. Al Qal’a of Beni Hammad

    Al Qal’a of Beni Hammad

  3. Great Mosque of Djenné

    Great Mosque of Djenné

  1. Tsodilo

    Tsodilo

  2. Mapungubwe Caltural Landscape

    Mapungubwe Caltural Landscape

  3. Rwenzori Mountains National Park

    Rwenzori Mountains National Park

  1. W National Park of Niger

    W National Park of Niger

  2. Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

    Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

  3. The Ruins of Loropéni

    The Ruins of Loropéni

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top