Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque

Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque

Palenque (Yucatec Maya: Bàak’ /ɓàːkʼ/) was a Maya city state in southern Mexico that flourished in the 7th century. The Palenque ruins date back to 226 BC to around 799 AD. After its decline, it was absorbed into the jungle, which is made up of cedar, mahogany, and sapodilla trees, but has been excavated and restored and is now a famous archaeological site attracting thousands of visitors. It is located near the Usumacinta River in the Mexican state of Chiapas, located about 130 km (81 mi) south of Ciudad del Carmen[citation needed] about 150 m (164 yd) above sea level. It stays at a humid 26°C (79°F) with roughly 2160 mm (85 in) of rain a year.

Palenque is a medium-sized site, much smaller than such huge sites as Tikal, Chichen Itza, or Copán, but it contains some of the finest architecture, sculpture, roof comb and bas-relief carvings that the Mayas produced. Much of the history of Palenque has been reconstructed from reading the hieroglyphic inscriptions on the many monuments; historians now have a long sequence of the ruling dynasty of Palenque in the 5th century and extensive knowledge of the city-state’s rivalry with other states such as Calakmul and Toniná. The most famous ruler of Palenque was Pacal the Great whose tomb has been found and excavated in the Temple of the Inscriptions.

By 2005, the discovered area covered up to 2.5 km² (1 sq mi), but it is estimated that less than 10% of the total area of the city is explored, leaving more than a thousand structures still covered by jungle.

Outline
Palenque (Yucatec Maya: Bàak' /ɓàːkʼ/) was a Maya city state in southern Mexico that flourished in the 7th century.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Darien National Park

    Darien National Park

  2. Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

    Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

  3. Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo

    Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo

  1. Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and the Historic District of Panama

    Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and the Historic District of Panama

  2. Morne Trois Pitons National Park

    Morne Trois Pitons National Park

  3. Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes

    Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes

  1. Redwood National and State Parks

    Redwood National and State Parks

  2. Pitons Management Area

    Pitons Management Area

  3. Historic Town of Morelia

    Historic Town of Morelia

  1. Red Bay Basque Whaling Station

    Red Bay Basque Whaling Station

  2. Viñales Valley

    Viñales Valley

  3. Carlsbad Caverns National Park

    Carlsbad Caverns National Park

  1. Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán

    Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán

  2. Mesa Verde National Park

    Mesa Verde National Park

  3. Belize Barrier-Reef Reserve System

    Belize Barrier-Reef Reserve System

  1. Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

    Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

  2. Mammoth Cave National Park

    Mammoth Cave National Park

  3. Luis Barragán House and Studio

    Luis Barragán House and Studio

  1. Ruins of León Viejo

    Ruins of León Viejo

  2. Pre-Historical City of Chichen Itza

    Pre-Historical City of Chichen Itza

  3. León Cathedral

    León Cathedral

  1. Nahanni National Park

    Nahanni National Park

  2. Tikal National Park

    Tikal National Park

  3. Old Town Lunenburg

    Old Town Lunenburg

  1. Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville

    Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville

  2. Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca

    Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca

  3. Historic Centre of Puebla

    Historic Centre of Puebla

  1. Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump

    Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump

  2. Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios

    Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios

  3. Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan

    Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan

  1. The Rideau Canal

    The Rideau Canal

  2. Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison

    Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison

  3. Miguasha National Park

    Miguasha National Park

  1. Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site

    Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site

  2. Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park

    Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park

  3. Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan

    Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan

  1. La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico

    La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico

  2. Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila

    Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila

  3. Chaco Culture

    Chaco Culture

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top