Brasilia

Brasilia

Brasília (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɾaˈziljɐ]) is the federal capital of Brazil and the capital of the Federal District. The city is located along the Brazilian Highlands in the country’s Central-West region. It was founded on April 21, 1960, to serve as the new national capital. Brasília had an estimated population of 2,789,761 in 2013, making it the 4th most populous city in Brazil.

Among major Latin American cities, Brasília has the highest GDP per capita at R$61,915 (US$36,175).

Brasília was planned and developed by Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer in 1956 in order to move the capital from Rio de Janeiro to a more central location. The landscape architect was Roberto Burle Marx. The city’s design divides it into numbered blocks as well as sectors for specified activities, such as the Hotel Sector, the Banking Sector and the Embassy Sector. Brasília was chosen as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its modernist architecture.

The city has a unique status in Brazil, as it is an administrative division rather than a legal municipality like other cities in Brazil. Nationally, the term is almost always used synonymously with the Federal District, which constitutes an indivisible Federative Unit, analogous to a state. Several “satellite cities” (suburbs) are also part of the Federal District.

The centers of all three branches of the federal government of Brazil are in Brasília, including the Congress, President, and Supreme Court. The city also hosts 124 foreign embassies. Brasília International Airport connects the capital to all major Brazilian cities and many international destinations, and is the third busiest airport in Brazil.

The city is one of the main host cities of the 2014 FIFA World Cup and will be the host city of 2019 Summer Universiade. Additionally, Brasília hosted the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup.

Outline
Brasília (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɾaˈziljɐ]) is the federal capital of Brazil and the capital of the Federal District.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Churches of Chiloé

    Churches of Chiloé

  2. Huascarán National Park

    Huascarán National Park

  3. Chan Chan Archaelogical Zone

    Chan Chan Archaelogical Zone

  1. Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina

    Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina

  2. National Archeological Park of Tierradentro

    National Archeological Park of Tierradentro

  3. Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves

    Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves

  1. City of Potosí

    City of Potosí

  2. Nuestra Señora de Loreto

    Nuestra Señora de Loreto

  3. Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue

    Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue

  1. Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

    Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

  2. Chavin (Archaeological Site)

    Chavin (Archaeological Site)

  3. Rapa Nui National Park

    Rapa Nui National Park

  1. Serra da Capivara National Park

    Serra da Capivara National Park

  2. Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso

    Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso

  3. Sewell Mining Town

    Sewell Mining Town

  1. Manú National Park

    Manú National Park

  2. Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

    Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

  3. Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana

    Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana

  1. Noel Kempff Mercado National Park

    Noel Kempff Mercado National Park

  2. Península Valdés

    Península Valdés

  3. Los Katíos National Park

    Los Katíos National Park

  1. Easter Island

    Easter Island

  2. Central Suriname Nature Reserve

    Central Suriname Nature Reserve

  3. Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

    Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

  1. Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos

    Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos

  2. Moai

    Moai

  3. Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary

    Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary

  1. Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

    Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

  2. Lima

    Lima

  3. Pantanal Conservation Area

    Pantanal Conservation Area

  1. Los Glaciares National Park

    Los Glaciares National Park

  2. Historic Inner City of Paramaribo

    Historic Inner City of Paramaribo

  3. Río Abiseo National Park

    Río Abiseo National Park

  1. Historic City of Sucre

    Historic City of Sucre

  2. Tiwanaku : Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture

    Tiwanaku : Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top