Brasilia

Brasilia

Brasília (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɾaˈziljɐ]) is the federal capital of Brazil and the capital of the Federal District. The city is located along the Brazilian Highlands in the country’s Central-West region. It was founded on April 21, 1960, to serve as the new national capital. Brasília had an estimated population of 2,789,761 in 2013, making it the 4th most populous city in Brazil.

Among major Latin American cities, Brasília has the highest GDP per capita at R$61,915 (US$36,175).

Brasília was planned and developed by Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer in 1956 in order to move the capital from Rio de Janeiro to a more central location. The landscape architect was Roberto Burle Marx. The city’s design divides it into numbered blocks as well as sectors for specified activities, such as the Hotel Sector, the Banking Sector and the Embassy Sector. Brasília was chosen as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its modernist architecture.

The city has a unique status in Brazil, as it is an administrative division rather than a legal municipality like other cities in Brazil. Nationally, the term is almost always used synonymously with the Federal District, which constitutes an indivisible Federative Unit, analogous to a state. Several “satellite cities” (suburbs) are also part of the Federal District.

The centers of all three branches of the federal government of Brazil are in Brasília, including the Congress, President, and Supreme Court. The city also hosts 124 foreign embassies. Brasília International Airport connects the capital to all major Brazilian cities and many international destinations, and is the third busiest airport in Brazil.

The city is one of the main host cities of the 2014 FIFA World Cup and will be the host city of 2019 Summer Universiade. Additionally, Brasília hosted the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup.

Outline
Brasília (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɾaˈziljɐ]) is the federal capital of Brazil and the capital of the Federal District.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Sewell Mining Town

    Sewell Mining Town

  2. Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina

    Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina

  3. Chan Chan Archaelogical Zone

    Chan Chan Archaelogical Zone

  1. Historic City of Sucre

    Historic City of Sucre

  2. Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso

    Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso

  3. Huascarán National Park

    Huascarán National Park

  1. Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue

    Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue

  2. Historic Inner City of Paramaribo

    Historic Inner City of Paramaribo

  3. Easter Island

    Easter Island

  1. Moai

    Moai

  2. Noel Kempff Mercado National Park

    Noel Kempff Mercado National Park

  3. Lima

    Lima

  1. City of Potosí

    City of Potosí

  2. Serra da Capivara National Park

    Serra da Capivara National Park

  3. Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

    Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

  1. Los Glaciares National Park

    Los Glaciares National Park

  2. Chavin (Archaeological Site)

    Chavin (Archaeological Site)

  3. Churches of Chiloé

    Churches of Chiloé

  1. Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves

    Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves

  2. Nuestra Señora de Loreto

    Nuestra Señora de Loreto

  3. Tiwanaku : Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture

    Tiwanaku : Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture

  1. Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana

    Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana

  2. Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary

    Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary

  3. Río Abiseo National Park

    Río Abiseo National Park

  1. Pantanal Conservation Area

    Pantanal Conservation Area

  2. Central Suriname Nature Reserve

    Central Suriname Nature Reserve

  3. Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

    Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

  1. Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos

    Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos

  2. Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

    Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

  3. Manú National Park

    Manú National Park

  1. Península Valdés

    Península Valdés

  2. Los Katíos National Park

    Los Katíos National Park

  3. Rapa Nui National Park

    Rapa Nui National Park

  1. Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

    Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

  2. National Archeological Park of Tierradentro

    National Archeological Park of Tierradentro

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top