Petra

Petra

Petra (Arabic: البتراء, Al-Batrāʾ; Ancient Greek: Πέτρα) is a historical and archaeological city in the southern Jordanian governorate of Ma’an that is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system. Another name for Petra is the Rose City due to the color of the stone out of which it is carved.

Established possibly as early as 312 BCE as the capital city of the Nabataeans, it is a symbol of Jordan, as well as Jordan’s most-visited tourist attraction. It lies on the slope of Jebel al-Madhbah (identified by some as the biblical Mount Hor) in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985.

The site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812, when it was introduced by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. It was described as “a rose-red city half as old as time” in a Newdigate Prize-winning poem by John William Burgon. UNESCO has described it as “one of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural heritage”. See: UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists. Petra was chosen by the Smithsonian Magazine as one of the “28 Places to See Before You Die”.

Outline
Petra (Arabic: البتراء, Al-Batrāʾ; Ancient Greek: Πέτρα) is a historical and archaeological city in the southern Jordanian governorate of Ma'an that is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

    Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

  2. Old City of Acre

    Old City of Acre

  3. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

  1. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

  2. Leshan Giant Buddha

    Leshan Giant Buddha

  3. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  1. Rohtas Fort

    Rohtas Fort

  2. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

    Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

  3. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  1. Masada

    Masada

  2. Citadel of Ho Dynasty

    Citadel of Ho Dynasty

  3. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  1. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  2. Historic City of Ayutthaya

    Historic City of Ayutthaya

  3. Ryōan-ji

    Ryōan-ji

  1. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  2. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  3. Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  1. Bisotun

    Bisotun

  2. Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

    Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

  3. Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

    Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

  1. Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

    Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

  2. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  3. Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

    Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

  1. Itchan Kala

    Itchan Kala

  2. Mountain Railways of India

    Mountain Railways of India

  3. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

  1. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  2. Ajanta Caves

    Ajanta Caves

  3. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

    Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

  1. Goa

    Goa

  2. Ancient City of Ping Yao

    Ancient City of Ping Yao

  3. The Historic Centre of Macao

    The Historic Centre of Macao

  1. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  2. Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

    Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

  3. Old Town of Lijiang

    Old Town of Lijiang

  1. Rinnō-ji

    Rinnō-ji

  2. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  3. Lorentz National Park

    Lorentz National Park

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top