Al Qal’a of Beni Hammad

Al Qal’a of Beni Hammad

Beni Hammad Fort, also called Al Qal’a of Beni Hammad (Arabic: قلعة بني حماد‎) is a fortified palatine city in Algeria. Now in ruins, in the 11th century, it served as the first capital of the Hammadid dynasty. It is located in the mountains northeast of M’Sila, at an elevation of 1,418 meters, and receives abundant water from the surrounding mountains. Beni Hammad Fort is near the town of Maadid (aka Maadhid), about 225 km southeast of Algiers, in the Maghreb.

In 1980, it was inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, and described as “an authentic picture of a fortified Muslim city”.

The town includes a 7 km-long line of walls. Inside the walls are four residential complexes, and the largest mosque built in Algeria after that of Mansurah. It is similar to the Grand Mosque of Kairouan, with a tall minaret (20 m).

Excavations have brought to light numerous terracotta, jewels, coins and ceramics testifying to the high level of civilization under the Hammadid dynasty. Also among the artifacts discovered are several decorative fountains using the lion as a motif.

The remains of the emir’s palace, known as Dal al-Bahr, include three separate residences separated by gardens and pavilions.

Outline
Beni Hammad Fort, also called Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad (Arabic: قلعة بني حماد‎) is a fortified palatine city in Algeria.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape

    Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape

  2. Robben Island

    Robben Island

  3. Tsodilo

    Tsodilo

  1. Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve

    Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve

  2. Media of Marrakesh

    Media of Marrakesh

  3. Historic City of Meknes

    Historic City of Meknes

  1. Banc d’Arguin National Park

    Banc d’Arguin National Park

  2. Medina of Tétouan (formerly known as Titawin)

    Medina of Tétouan (formerly known as Titawin)

  3. Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)

    Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)

  1. Ecosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda

    Ecosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda

  2. Okavango Delta

    Okavango Delta

  3. Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes

    Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes

  1. Timgad

    Timgad

  2. Memphis, Egypt

    Memphis, Egypt

  3. Lake Turkana National Parks

    Lake Turkana National Parks

  1. Tomb of Askia

    Tomb of Askia

  2. Tiya

    Tiya

  3. Medina of Sousse

    Medina of Sousse

  1. Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela

    Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela

  2. Le Morne Cultural Landscape

    Le Morne Cultural Landscape

  3. Great Mosque of Djenné

    Great Mosque of Djenné

  1. Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

    Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

  2. Vredefort Dome

    Vredefort Dome

  3. Bassari Country : Bassari, Fula and Bedik Cultural Landscapes

    Bassari Country : Bassari, Fula and Bedik Cultural Landscapes

  1. Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa

    Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa

  2. The Ruins of Loropéni

    The Ruins of Loropéni

  3. Fort Jesus

    Fort Jesus

  1. Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna

    Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna

  2. Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region

    Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region

  3. Mapungubwe Caltural Landscape

    Mapungubwe Caltural Landscape

  1. Ngorongoro Conservation Area

    Ngorongoro Conservation Area

  2. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

    Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

  3. Timbuktu

    Timbuktu

  1. Kairouan

    Kairouan

  2. Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park

    Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park

  3. Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

    Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

  1. Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Area

    Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Area

  2. M’Zab Valley

    M’Zab Valley

  3. Rwenzori Mountains National Park

    Rwenzori Mountains National Park

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top