Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

Mada’in Saleh (Arabic: مدائن صالح, madāʼin Ṣāliḥ), also called Al-Hijr or Hegra, is a pre-Islamic archaeological site located in the Al-Ula sector, within the Al Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia. A majority of the vestiges date from the Nabatean kingdom (1st century CE). The site constitutes the kingdom’s southernmost and largest settlement after Petra, its capital. Traces of Lihyanite and Roman occupation before and after the Nabatean rule, respectively, can also be found.

The Qur’an places settlement of the area by the Thamud people after Noah but before Moses, which can be interpreted as the 3rd millennium BC. According to the Islamic text, the Thamudis, who carved out homes in the mountains, were punished by Allah for their practice of idol worship, being struck by an earthquake and lightning blasts. Thus, the site has earned a reputation as a cursed place — an image which the national government is attempting to overcome as it seeks to develop Mada’in Saleh for its tourism potential.

In 2008 UNESCO proclaimed Mada’in Saleh as a site of patrimony, becoming Saudi Arabia’s first World Heritage Site. It was chosen for its well-preserved remains from late antiquity, especially the 131 rock-cut monumental tombs, with their elaborately ornamented façades, of the Nabatean kingdom.

Outline
Mada'in Saleh (Arabic: مدائن صالح, madāʼin Ṣāliḥ), also called Al-Hijr or Hegra, is a pre-Islamic archaeological site located in the Al-Ula sector, within the Al Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  2. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  3. The Historic Centre of Macao

    The Historic Centre of Macao

  1. Gusuku Sites of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  2. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  3. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

    Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

  1. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

  2. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  3. Historic City of Ayutthaya

    Historic City of Ayutthaya

  1. Lorentz National Park

    Lorentz National Park

  2. Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

    Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

  3. Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  1. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  2. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  3. Rinnō-ji

    Rinnō-ji

  1. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  2. The Great Wall

    The Great Wall

  3. Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

    Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

  1. Fujian Tulou

    Fujian Tulou

  2. My Son Sanctuary

    My Son Sanctuary

  3. Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

    Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

  1. Rohtas Fort

    Rohtas Fort

  2. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  3. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

  1. Wadi Rum Protected Area

    Wadi Rum Protected Area

  2. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  3. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

  1. Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

    Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

  2. Town of Luang Prabang

    Town of Luang Prabang

  3. Borobudur Temple Compounds

    Borobudur Temple Compounds

  1. Old City of Acre

    Old City of Acre

  2. Takht-e Soleyman

    Takht-e Soleyman

  3. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  1. Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

    Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

  2. Old Town of Lijiang

    Old Town of Lijiang

  3. Bisotun

    Bisotun

  1. Agra Fort

    Agra Fort

  2. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

  3. Yakushima

    Yakushima

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top