Media of Marrakesh

Media of Marrakesh

Marrakesh or Marrakech (Berber: Meṛṛakec,  Arabic: مراكش‎) is a major city in the northwest African country of Morocco. It is the third largest city in the country and is the capital of the mid-southwestern region of Marrakesh-Tensift-El Haouz. Marrekesh is located to the north of the foothills of the snow-capped Atlas Mountains. By road, Marrakesh is located 327 km (203 mi) southwest of the Moroccan capital of Rabat.

Marrakesh is the most important of Morocco’s four former imperial cities. The region was inhabited by Berber farmers from Neolithic times, but the actual city was founded in 1062 by Abu Bakr ibn Umar, chieftain and cousin of Almoravid king Yusuf ibn Tashfin. In the 12th century, the Almoravids built many madrasas (Koranic schools) and mosques in Marrakesh that bear Andalusian influences. The red walls of the city, built by Ali ibn Yusuf in 1122-1123, and various buildings constructed in red sandstone during this period, have given the city the nickname of the “Red City” or “Ochre City”. Marrakesh grew rapidly and established itself as a cultural, religious, and trading centre for the Maghreb and sub-Saharan Africa; Jemaa el-Fnaa is the busiest square in Africa. After a period of decline, the city was surpassed by Fes, but in the early 16th century, Marrakesh again became the capital of the kingdom. The city regained its preeminence under wealthy Saadian sultans Abu Abdallah al-Qaim and Ahmad al-Mansur, who embellished the city with sumptuous palaces such as the El Badi Palace (1578) and restored many ruined monuments. Beginning in the 17th century, the city became popular among Sufi pilgrims for Morocco’s seven patron saints, who are entombed here. In 1912 the French Protectorate in Morocco was established and T’hami El Glaoui became Pasha of Marrakesh and held this position nearly throughout the duration of the protectorate until the role was dissolved upon independence of Morocco and the reestablishment of the monarchy in 1956. In 2009, Marrakesh mayor Fatima Zahra Mansouri became the second woman to be elected mayor in Morocco.

Like many Moroccan cities, Marrakesh comprises an old fortified city packed with vendors and their stalls (the medina), bordered by modern neighborhoods, the most prominent of which is Gueliz. Today it is one of the busiest cities in Africa and serves as a major economic centre and tourist destination. Tourism is strongly advocated by the reigning Moroccan monarch, Mohammed VI, with the goal of doubling the number of tourists visiting Morocco to 20 million by 2020. Despite the economic recession, real estate and hotel development in Marrakesh has grown dramatically in the 21st century. Marrakesh is particularly popular with the French, and numerous French celebrities own property in the city. Marrakesh has the largest traditional Berber market (souk) in Morocco, with some 18 souks selling wares ranging from traditional Berber carpets to modern consumer electronics. Crafts employ a significant percentage of the population, who primarily sell their products to tourists.

Marrakesh is served by Ménara International Airport and the Marrakesh railway station, which connects the city to Casablanca and northern Morocco. Marrakesh has several universities and schools, including Cadi Ayyad University. A number of Moroccan football clubs are located here, including Najm de Marrakech, KAC Marrakech, Mouloudia de Marrakech and Chez Ali Club de Marrakech. The Marrakesh Street Circuit hosts the World Touring Car Championship, Auto GP World Series and FIA Formula Two Championship races.

Outline
Marrakesh or Marrakech (Berber: Meṛṛakec, Arabic: مراكش‎) is a major city in the northwest African country of Morocco.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Bassari Country : Bassari, Fula and Bedik Cultural Landscapes

    Bassari Country : Bassari, Fula and Bedik Cultural Landscapes

  2. Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region

    Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region

  3. Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe

    Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe

  1. Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Area

    Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Area

  2. Great Mosque of Djenné

    Great Mosque of Djenné

  3. Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons)

    Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons)

  1. Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

    Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

  2. Le Morne Cultural Landscape

    Le Morne Cultural Landscape

  3. Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur

    Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur

  1. Medina of Fez

    Medina of Fez

  2. Namib Sand Sea

    Namib Sand Sea

  3. Banc d’Arguin National Park

    Banc d’Arguin National Park

  1. Maloti-Drakensberg Park

    Maloti-Drakensberg Park

  2. Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa

    Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa

  3. Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park

    Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park

  1. M’Zab Valley

    M’Zab Valley

  2. Historic Centre of Agadez

    Historic Centre of Agadez

  3. Fort Jesus

    Fort Jesus

  1. Okavango Delta

    Okavango Delta

  2. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

    Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

  3. Rwenzori Mountains National Park

    Rwenzori Mountains National Park

  1. Victoria Falls

    Victoria Falls

  2. Chongoni Rock-Art Area

    Chongoni Rock-Art Area

  3. Lake Malawi National Park

    Lake Malawi National Park

  1. Niokolo-Koba National Park

    Niokolo-Koba National Park

  2. Memphis, Egypt

    Memphis, Egypt

  3. Kairouan

    Kairouan

  1. Ténéré

    Ténéré

  2. Dougga/Thugga

    Dougga/Thugga

  3. Cape Floral Region Protected Areas

    Cape Floral Region Protected Areas

  1. Matobo Hills

    Matobo Hills

  2. Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve

    Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve

  3. Island of Mozambique

    Island of Mozambique

  1. Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes

    Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes

  2. Mapungubwe Caltural Landscape

    Mapungubwe Caltural Landscape

  3. Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna

    Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna

  1. Historic City of Meknes

    Historic City of Meknes

  2. Ecosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda

    Ecosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda

  3. Tiya

    Tiya

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top