Samarra Archaeological City

Samarra Archaeological City

The Minaret of Samarra, also known as the Malwiya Minaret or Malwiya Tower (Arabic: ملوية‎ malwiyah) is part of the Great Mosque of Samarra in Samarra, Iraq. The mosque is one of the largest in the world, and was built by the Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil. The minaret was originally connected to the mosque by a bridge.

The minaret or tower was constructed in 848 – 852 of sandstone, and is unique among other minarets because of its ascending spiral conical design. 52 metres high and 33 metres wide at the base, the spiral contains stairs reaching to the top. The word “malwiya” translates as “twisted” or “snail shell”.

At the top of the cone is a small cylindrical room with a six-metre radius. This room is decorated with eight arcs on the outside. Each arc is erected on two small brick posts.

The Malwiya was used for the “call to prayer”; its height made it practical for such use. It is visible from a considerable distance in the area around Samarra and therefore may have been designed as a strong visual statement of the presence of Islam in the Tigris Valley.

Outline
The Minaret of Samarra, also known as the Malwiya Minaret or Malwiya Tower (Arabic: ملوية‎ malwiyah) is part of the Great Mosque of Samarra in Samarra, Iraq.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

    Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

  2. Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

    Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

  3. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

  1. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

    Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

  2. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

    Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

  3. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  1. Takht-e Soleyman

    Takht-e Soleyman

  2. Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

    Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

  3. The Historic Centre of Macao

    The Historic Centre of Macao

  1. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  2. Wadi Rum Protected Area

    Wadi Rum Protected Area

  3. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  1. Fujian Tulou

    Fujian Tulou

  2. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  3. Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  1. Strait of Malacca

    Strait of Malacca

  2. Petra

    Petra

  3. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  1. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  2. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

  3. Citadel of Ho Dynasty

    Citadel of Ho Dynasty

  1. Ajanta Caves

    Ajanta Caves

  2. Ryōan-ji

    Ryōan-ji

  3. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  1. Mountain Railways of India

    Mountain Railways of India

  2. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

    Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

  3. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  1. Lorentz National Park

    Lorentz National Park

  2. Bisotun

    Bisotun

  3. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

  1. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  2. Town of Luang Prabang

    Town of Luang Prabang

  3. Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

    Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

  1. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

  2. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  3. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  1. My Son Sanctuary

    My Son Sanctuary

  2. Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

    Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

  3. Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

    Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top