Monastic Island of Reichenau

Monastic Island of Reichenau

Reichenau Island is an island in Lake Constance in southern Germany, at approximately 47°42′N 9°4′ECoordinates: 47°42′N 9°4′E. It lies between Gnadensee and Untersee, two parts of Lake Constance, almost due west of the city of Konstanz. The island is connected to the mainland by a causeway that was completed in 1838. The causeway is interrupted between the site of the former castle Schopflen and the eastern end of Reichenau Island by the 10-metre-wide Bruckgraben, a waterway which is spanned by a low road bridge that allows passage of ordinary boats but not of sailboats through its 95-metre course. Its total area is less than 7 square kilometers (3 square miles). The highest elevation on the island, the Hochwart, reaches 438.7 metres, or 43 metres above the lake surface.

It was declared a World Heritage Site in 2000 because of its monastery, the Abbey of Reichenau. The abbey’s Münster is dedicated to the Virgin and Saint Mark. Two further churches were built on the island consecrated to St Georg, and to Sts Peter and Paul. The famous artworks of Reichenau include the Ottonian murals of miracles of Christ in St Georg, unique survivals from the 10th century. The abbey’s bailiff was housed in a two-storey stone building that was raised by two more storeys of timber framing in the 14th century, one of the oldest timber-frame buildings in south Germany.

Among the Abbey’s far-flung landholdings was Reichenau, a village on the upper Rhine in the municipality of Tamins in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland, named for the Abbey.

Today the island is also famous for its vegetable farms. The Wollmatinger Ried next to the island is a big nature preserve, a wetland area of reeds which is used by many birds for the stopover during their annual migration.

Outline
Reichenau Island is an island in Lake Constance in southern Germany, at approximately 47°42′N 9°4′ECoordinates: 47°42′N 9°4′E.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

    Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

  2. Ironbridge Gorge

    Ironbridge Gorge

  3. Alto Douro Wine Region

    Alto Douro Wine Region

  1. Porto Venere

    Porto Venere

  2. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  3. Tower of London

    Tower of London

  1. Limes

    Limes

  2. Meteora

    Meteora

  3. Historic Centre of Évora

    Historic Centre of Évora

  1. Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

    Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

  2. Litomyšl Castle

    Litomyšl Castle

  3. Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

    Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

  1. Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

    Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

  2. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  3. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

    The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

  1. Palmeral of Elche

    Palmeral of Elche

  2. Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

    Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

  3. City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

    City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

  1. Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

    Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe

  2. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  3. Wieliczka Salt Mine

    Wieliczka Salt Mine

  1. Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

    Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

  2. Antonine Wall

    Antonine Wall

  3. Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

    Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

  1. Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct

    Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct

  2. Warszawa

    Warszawa

  3. Tower of Hercules

    Tower of Hercules

  1. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  2. Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

    Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

  3. Rila Monastery

    Rila Monastery

  1. Historic Site of Lyons

    Historic Site of Lyons

  2. Val d’Orcia

    Val d’Orcia

  3. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  1. The Wadden Sea

    The Wadden Sea

  2. Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica

    Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica

  3. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  1. Lednice – Valtice Cultural Landscape

    Lednice – Valtice Cultural Landscape

  2. Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

    Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

  3. Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

    Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top