Las Médulas

Las Médulas

Las Médulas (As Médulas or As Meduas in Galician language) is a historical site near the town of Ponferrada in the region of El Bierzo (province of León, Castile and León, Spain), which used to be the most important gold mine in the Roman Empire. Las Médulas Cultural Landscape is listed by the UNESCO as one of the World Heritage Sites.

The spectacular landscape of Las Médulas resulted from the ruina montium, a Roman mining technique described by Pliny the Elder in 77 AD. The technique employed was a type of hydraulic mining which involved undermining a mountain with large quantities of water. The water was supplied by interbasin transfer. At least seven long aqueducts tapped the streams of the La Cabrera district (where the rainfall in the mountains is relatively high) at a range of altitudes. The same aqueducts were used to wash the extensive gold deposits.

The area Hispania Tarraconensis had been invaded in 25 BC by the emperor Augustus. Prior to the Roman conquest the indigenous inhabitants obtained gold from alluvial deposits. Large-scale production did not begin until the second half of the 1st century AD.

Outline
Las Médulas (As Médulas or As Meduas in Galician language) is a historical site near the town of Ponferrada in the region of El Bierzo (province of León, Castile and León, Spain), which used to be the most important gold mine in the Roman Empire.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Laponian Area

    Laponian Area

  2. Old Rauma

    Old Rauma

  3. Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

    Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

  1. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  2. Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

    Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

  3. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

    Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

  1. Churches of Moldavia

    Churches of Moldavia

  2. Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

    Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

    Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

  2. Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

    Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

  3. Upper Middle Rhine Valley

    Upper Middle Rhine Valley

  1. Litomyšl Castle

    Litomyšl Castle

  2. Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

    Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

  3. Our Lady of Ljeviš

    Our Lady of Ljeviš

  1. Historic Areas of Istanbul

    Historic Areas of Istanbul

  2. Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

    Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

  3. The Wadden Sea

    The Wadden Sea

  1. Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

    Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

  2. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  3. Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

    Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

  1. Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

    Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System

  2. Universidade de Coimbra

    Universidade de Coimbra

  3. Medieval City of Rhodes

    Medieval City of Rhodes

  1. Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

    Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

  2. Gough and Inaccessible Islands

    Gough and Inaccessible Islands

  3. Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

    Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

  1. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

    The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

  2. La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

    La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

  3. Episcopal City of Albi

    Episcopal City of Albi

  1. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  2. Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

    Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

  3. Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

    Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

  1. Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

    Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

  2. Historic Centre of Évora

    Historic Centre of Évora

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Tower of London

    Tower of London

  2. City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

    City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

  3. Frontiers of the Roman Empire

    Frontiers of the Roman Empire

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top