Easter Island

Easter Island

Easter Island (Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui, Spanish: Isla de Pascua) is a Polynesian island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle. Easter Island is famous for its 887 extant monumental statues, called moai, created by the early Rapa Nui people. In 1995, UNESCO named Easter Island a World Heritage Site, with much of the island protected within Rapa Nui National Park.

Polynesian people settled on Easter Island in the first millennium AD, and created a thriving culture, as evidenced by the moai and other artifacts. However, human activity, the introduction of the Polynesian rat and overpopulation led to gradual deforestation and extinction of natural resources, which caused the demise of the Rapa Nui civilization. By the time of European arrival in 1722, the island’s population had dropped to 2,000–3,000 from a high of approximately 15,000 just a century earlier. Diseases carried by European sailors and Peruvian slave raiding of the 1860s further reduced the Rapa Nui population, down to 111 in 1877.

Easter Island is one of the most remote inhabited islands in the world. The nearest inhabited land (50 residents) is Pitcairn Island 2,075 kilometres (1,289 mi) away, the nearest town with a population over 500 is Rikitea on island Mangareva 2,606 km (1,619 mi) away, and the nearest continental point lies in central Chile, 3,512 kilometres (2,182 mi) away.

Easter Island is a special territory of Chile that was annexed in 1888. Administratively, it belongs to the Valparaíso Region and more specifically, is the only commune of the Province Isla de Pascua. According to the 2012 census, it has about 5,800 residents, of which some 60% are descendants of the aboriginal Rapa Nui.

Outline
Easter Island (Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui, Spanish: Isla de Pascua) is a Polynesian island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Churches of Chiloé

    Churches of Chiloé

  2. Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue

    Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue

  3. Río Abiseo National Park

    Río Abiseo National Park

  1. Sewell Mining Town

    Sewell Mining Town

  2. Serra da Capivara National Park

    Serra da Capivara National Park

  3. Central Suriname Nature Reserve

    Central Suriname Nature Reserve

  1. Península Valdés

    Península Valdés

  2. Historic Inner City of Paramaribo

    Historic Inner City of Paramaribo

  3. Nuestra Señora de Loreto

    Nuestra Señora de Loreto

  1. Pantanal Conservation Area

    Pantanal Conservation Area

  2. Noel Kempff Mercado National Park

    Noel Kempff Mercado National Park

  3. Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina

    Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina

  1. Huascarán National Park

    Huascarán National Park

  2. Rapa Nui National Park

    Rapa Nui National Park

  3. Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves

    Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves

  1. Moai

    Moai

  2. Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso

    Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso

  3. Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

    Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

  1. Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

    Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

  2. Los Glaciares National Park

    Los Glaciares National Park

  3. Los Katíos National Park

    Los Katíos National Park

  1. City of Potosí

    City of Potosí

  2. Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos

    Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos

  3. Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary

    Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary

  1. Chavin (Archaeological Site)

    Chavin (Archaeological Site)

  2. Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

    Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

  3. Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana

    Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana

  1. Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

    Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

  2. Historic City of Sucre

    Historic City of Sucre

  3. Lima

    Lima

  1. Tiwanaku : Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture

    Tiwanaku : Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture

  2. Manú National Park

    Manú National Park

  3. National Archeological Park of Tierradentro

    National Archeological Park of Tierradentro

  1. Chan Chan Archaelogical Zone

    Chan Chan Archaelogical Zone

  2. Brasilia

    Brasilia

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top