Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

The Cité de Carcassonne is a medieval citadel located in the French city of Carcassonne, in the department of Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon region. It is located on a hill on the right bank of the River Aude, in the south-east part of the city proper. It was the historic city of Carcassonne and features on the emblem of local rugby league team AS Carcassonne.

Founded during the Gallo-Roman period, the citadel derives its reputation from its 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) long double surrounding walls interpersed by 52 towers. The town has about 2,500 years of history and has seen the Romans, Visigoths, Saracens and Crusaders. At the beginning of its history it was a Gaulish settlement then in the 3rd century A.D., the Romans decided to transform it into a fortified town. The town was finally annexed to the kingdom of France in 1247 A.D. It provided a strong French frontier between France and the Crown of Aragon.

In 1659, after the Treaty of the Pyrenees, the province of Roussillon became a part of France, and the town lost its military significance. Fortifications were abandoned and the town became one of the economic centres of France, concentrating on the woollen textile industry.

In 1849 the French government decided that the city fortifications should be demolished. This decision was strongly opposed by the local people. Jean-Pierre Cros-Mayrevieille and Prosper Mérimée, an eminent archaeologist and historian, led a campaign to preserve the fortress as an historical monument. The government later reversed its decision and in 1853 restoration work began. Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, the architect, was charged with renovating the fortress. Viollet-le-Duc’s work was criticised during his lifetime as inappropriate to the climate and traditions of the region. After his death in 1879, the restoration work was continued by his pupil, Paul Boeswillwald, and later by the architect Nodet.

The citadel was restored at the end of the 19th century and in 1997 it was added to UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites.

Outline
The Cité de Carcassonne is a medieval citadel located in the French city of Carcassonne, in the department of Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon region.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Ironbridge Gorge

    Ironbridge Gorge

  2. Alhambra

    Alhambra

  3. Wartburg Castle

    Wartburg Castle

  1. Historic Centre of Évora

    Historic Centre of Évora

  2. Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

    Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

  3. Historic Areas of Istanbul

    Historic Areas of Istanbul

  1. Universidade de Coimbra

    Universidade de Coimbra

  2. Schokland and Surroundings

    Schokland and Surroundings

  3. Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

    Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

  1. Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

    Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

  2. Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

    Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

  3. Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

    Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

  1. Acropolis of Athens

    Acropolis of Athens

  2. Costiera Amalfitana

    Costiera Amalfitana

  3. San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

  1. Old City of Zamość

    Old City of Zamość

  2. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

    The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

  3. Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

    Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

  1. Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

    Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

  2. Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

    Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

  3. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

    Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

  1. Meteora

    Meteora

  2. Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

    Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

  3. Antonine Wall

    Antonine Wall

  1. Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

    Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

  2. Palmeral of Elche

    Palmeral of Elche

  3. Tower of Hercules

    Tower of Hercules

  1. Historic Site of Lyons

    Historic Site of Lyons

  2. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  3. Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

    Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

  1. Roskilde Cathedral

    Roskilde Cathedral

  2. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

    Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

  2. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  3. Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

    Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

  1. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  2. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  3. Wieliczka Salt Mine

    Wieliczka Salt Mine

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top