Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

The Ferapontov convent (Russian: Ферапонтов монастырь), in the Vologda region of Russia, is considered one of the purest examples of Russian medieval art, a reason given by UNESCO for its inscription on the World Heritage List.

The monastery was founded by Saint Ferapont in 1398 in the inhospitable Russian North, to the east from the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, named after his fellow monk, Saint Kirill of Beloozero. The fame of the monastery started to spread under Kirill’s disciple, Saint Martinian, who was to become a father superior of the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra in 1447.

Even after Martinian’s death, his monastery was protected and favoured by members of Ivan III’s family. The most ancient structure, the Cathedral of Nativity of the Virgin (1490), was built in brick by the masters of Rostov. This edifice is the best preserved of three sister cathedrals erected in the 1490s in the Russian North. All the interior walls are covered with invaluable frescoes by the great medieval painter Dionisius. This is the last surviving Russian medieval church with fully painted walls.

During the 1530s, they added a treasury, a refectory, and the unique Annunciation church surmounted by a belfry. At that time the monastery enjoyed special privileges conferred upon it by Ivan the Terrible, and possessed some 60 villages in the vicinity. The tsar himself frequently visited the monastery as a pilgrim.

In the Time of Troubles, the monastery was ravaged by the Poles. During its recovery the last buildings — the tent-like church of Saint Martinian (1641), a two-tented barbican church (1650), and a bell-tower (1680) — were added to the complex. The belfry clocks (1638) are said to be the oldest in Russia.

As the monastery gradually lost its religious importance, it was being turned into a place of exile for distinguished clerics, such as the Patriarch Nikon. It was abolished by Emperor Paul in 1798, reinstituted as a convent in 1904, closed by the Bolsheviks twenty years later, and turned into a museum in 1975. The museum constitutes a part of the Russky Sever (Russian North) National Park since 1991.

As of January 2013, images of the monastery and grounds were available via Google Street View.

Outline
The Ferapontov convent (Russian: Ферапонтов монастырь), in the Vologda region of Russia, is considered one of the purest examples of Russian medieval art, a reason given by UNESCO for its inscription on the World Heritage List.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Gough and Inaccessible Islands

    Gough and Inaccessible Islands

  2. Warszawa

    Warszawa

  3. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

    The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

  1. Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

    Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

  2. The Wadden Sea

    The Wadden Sea

  3. Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

    Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

  1. Meteora

    Meteora

  2. City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

    City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

  3. Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica

    Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica

  1. Churches of Moldavia

    Churches of Moldavia

  2. Universidade de Coimbra

    Universidade de Coimbra

  3. Antonine Wall

    Antonine Wall

  1. Old City of Zamość

    Old City of Zamość

  2. Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

    Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

  3. La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia

    La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia

  1. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  2. Wieliczka Salt Mine

    Wieliczka Salt Mine

  3. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

    Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

  1. Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

    Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

  2. Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

    Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

  3. Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

    Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

  1. Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

    Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

  2. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

    The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

  3. Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

    Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

  1. Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

    Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

  2. Laponian Area

    Laponian Area

  3. Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

    Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

  1. Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

    Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

  2. Frontiers of the Roman Empire

    Frontiers of the Roman Empire

  3. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

    Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

  1. Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

    Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

  2. Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

    Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

  3. Tower of London

    Tower of London

  1. Val d’Orcia

    Val d’Orcia

  2. Our Lady of Ljeviš

    Our Lady of Ljeviš

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  2. Pienza

    Pienza

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top