Gonbad-e Qābus

Gonbad-e Qābus

Gonbad-e Qabus tower is a monument in Gonbad-e Qabus, Iran, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2012.

The Tower in the central part of the city reaches 72 metres (236 ft)[1] (including the height of the platform).

The baked-brick-built tower is an enormous decagon building with a conic roof, which forms the golden ratio Phi, that equals 1.618. The interiors contain the earliest examples of Muqarnas decorative styles. The decagon with its 3 meter-thick wall, divided into 10 sides, has a diameter of 17 m . The Tower was built on such a scientific and architectural design that at the front of the Tower, at an external circle, one can hear one’s echo.

The tower was built in 1006 AD on the orders of the Ziyarid Amir Shams ol-Ma’āli Qabus ibn Wushmgir (شمس المعالي قابوس بن وشمگير). It is located 3 km north of the ancient city of Jorjan, from where the Ziyarid dynasty ruled. The tower is over 1000 years old.

A Kufic inscription at the bottom of the tower reads in Arabic:

هذا القصر العالي – لامير شمس المعالي – الامير قابوس ابن وشمگير – امر به بنائه في حياته – سنه سبع و تسعين – و ثلثمائه قمريه و سنه خمس و سبعين و ثلثمائه شمسيه

“This tall palace for the prince Shams ul-Ma’ali, Amir Qabus ibn Wushmgir ordered to build during his life, in the year 397 the lunar Hegira, and the year 375 the solar Hegira”
Even though the inscription does not explicitly refer to the rumor that the tower was built for the tomb for the prince Ziyarid ruler, it is believed that the Sultan’s body was put in a glass coffin and was suspended from the ceiling of the tower.

It has been registered a World Heritage Site, in the tower’s upcoming 1,000th anniversary.

Gonbad-e Qābus or Gonbad-e Kāvus (also transcribed Gonbad-e Ghābus or Gonbad-i Ghāboos) is a city in the province of Golestan in Iran. The city tower was built with bricks representing a special art related to the 4th century (Hegira, or 11th century). This tower which stands on a domed hill with 15 m height is located in the central (principal) park of Gonbad Kavoos city.

Robert Byron, the British travel writer and architectural critic, wrote that it was a photograph of the tower that motivated him to visit Persia. Seeing the tower, he maintained his high opinion of its qualities, writing in The Road to Oxiana, that ‘the Gumbad-i-Kambus ranks with the great buildings of the world.

Outline
Gonbad-e Qabus tower is a monument in Gonbad-e Qabus, Iran, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2012.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  2. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  3. Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

    Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

  1. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

  2. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  3. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  1. Town of Luang Prabang

    Town of Luang Prabang

  2. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

  3. Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

    Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

  1. Masada

    Masada

  2. Strait of Malacca

    Strait of Malacca

  3. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

    Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

  1. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  2. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

  3. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  1. Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

    Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

  2. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  3. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  1. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  2. Leshan Giant Buddha

    Leshan Giant Buddha

  3. Mountain Railways of India

    Mountain Railways of India

  1. Historic City of Ayutthaya

    Historic City of Ayutthaya

  2. Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  3. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  1. Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

    Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

  2. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

  3. Rinnō-ji

    Rinnō-ji

  1. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  2. Fujian Tulou

    Fujian Tulou

  3. Petra

    Petra

  1. Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

    Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

  2. Gusuku Sites of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  3. Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

    Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

  1. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

  2. Borobudur Temple Compounds

    Borobudur Temple Compounds

  3. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  1. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  2. The Historic Centre of Macao

    The Historic Centre of Macao

  3. Ryōan-ji

    Ryōan-ji

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top