Gonbad-e Qābus

Gonbad-e Qābus

Gonbad-e Qabus tower is a monument in Gonbad-e Qabus, Iran, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2012.

The Tower in the central part of the city reaches 72 metres (236 ft)[1] (including the height of the platform).

The baked-brick-built tower is an enormous decagon building with a conic roof, which forms the golden ratio Phi, that equals 1.618. The interiors contain the earliest examples of Muqarnas decorative styles. The decagon with its 3 meter-thick wall, divided into 10 sides, has a diameter of 17 m . The Tower was built on such a scientific and architectural design that at the front of the Tower, at an external circle, one can hear one’s echo.

The tower was built in 1006 AD on the orders of the Ziyarid Amir Shams ol-Ma’āli Qabus ibn Wushmgir (شمس المعالي قابوس بن وشمگير). It is located 3 km north of the ancient city of Jorjan, from where the Ziyarid dynasty ruled. The tower is over 1000 years old.

A Kufic inscription at the bottom of the tower reads in Arabic:

هذا القصر العالي – لامير شمس المعالي – الامير قابوس ابن وشمگير – امر به بنائه في حياته – سنه سبع و تسعين – و ثلثمائه قمريه و سنه خمس و سبعين و ثلثمائه شمسيه

“This tall palace for the prince Shams ul-Ma’ali, Amir Qabus ibn Wushmgir ordered to build during his life, in the year 397 the lunar Hegira, and the year 375 the solar Hegira”
Even though the inscription does not explicitly refer to the rumor that the tower was built for the tomb for the prince Ziyarid ruler, it is believed that the Sultan’s body was put in a glass coffin and was suspended from the ceiling of the tower.

It has been registered a World Heritage Site, in the tower’s upcoming 1,000th anniversary.

Gonbad-e Qābus or Gonbad-e Kāvus (also transcribed Gonbad-e Ghābus or Gonbad-i Ghāboos) is a city in the province of Golestan in Iran. The city tower was built with bricks representing a special art related to the 4th century (Hegira, or 11th century). This tower which stands on a domed hill with 15 m height is located in the central (principal) park of Gonbad Kavoos city.

Robert Byron, the British travel writer and architectural critic, wrote that it was a photograph of the tower that motivated him to visit Persia. Seeing the tower, he maintained his high opinion of its qualities, writing in The Road to Oxiana, that ‘the Gumbad-i-Kambus ranks with the great buildings of the world.

Outline
Gonbad-e Qabus tower is a monument in Gonbad-e Qabus, Iran, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2012.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  2. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  3. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  1. Samarra Archaeological City

    Samarra Archaeological City

  2. Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

    Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca

  3. Ancient City of Ping Yao

    Ancient City of Ping Yao

  1. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  2. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  3. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

    Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

  1. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

    Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

  2. Rohtas Fort

    Rohtas Fort

  3. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  1. Lushan National Park

    Lushan National Park

  2. Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

    Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

  3. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  1. Goa

    Goa

  2. Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

    Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

  3. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  1. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  2. Historic City of Ayutthaya

    Historic City of Ayutthaya

  3. Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

    Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

  1. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  2. Petra

    Petra

  3. Mountain Railways of India

    Mountain Railways of India

  1. Gusuku Sites of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

    Gusuku Sites of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

  2. Leshan Giant Buddha

    Leshan Giant Buddha

  3. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  1. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

  2. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

  3. Old City of Acre

    Old City of Acre

  1. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

  2. Takht-e Soleyman

    Takht-e Soleyman

  3. Borobudur Temple Compounds

    Borobudur Temple Compounds

  1. Historic Centre of Bukhara

    Historic Centre of Bukhara

  2. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  3. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  1. Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

    Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

  2. The Historic Centre of Macao

    The Historic Centre of Macao

  3. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

    Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top