Takht-e Soleyman

Takht-e Soleyman

Takht-e Soleymān (Persian: تخت سلیمان‎, Takht-e Soleymān, literally “the Throne of Solomon”, in earlier ancient period known as Shiz or Adur Gushnasp, literally “the Fire of the Warrior Kings”) is an archaeological site in West Azarbaijan, Iran. It lies midway between Urmia and Hamadan, very near the present-day town of Takab, and 400 km (250 mi) west of Tehran.

The originally fortified site, which is located on a volcano crater rim, was recognized as a World Heritage Site in July 2003. The citadel includes the remains of a Zoroastrian fire temple built during the Sassanid period and partially rebuilt during the Ilkhanid period. This site got this Semitic name after the Arab conquest. This temple housed one the three “Great Fires” or “Royal Fires” that Sassanid rulers humbled themselves before in order to ascend the throne. The fire at Takht-i Soleiman was called ādur Wishnāsp and was dedicated to the arteshtar or warrior class of the Sasanid.

Folk legend relates that King Solomon used to imprison monsters inside the 100 m deep crater of the nearby Zendan-e Soleyman “Prison of Solomon”. Another crater inside the fortification itself is filled with spring water; Solomon is said to have created a flowing pond that still exists today. Nevertheless, Solomon belongs to Semitic legends and therefore, the lore and namesake (Solomon’s Throne) should have been formed following Arab conquest of Persia. A 4th century[citation needed] Armenian manuscript relating to Jesus and Zarathustra, and various historians of the Islamic period, mention this pond. The foundations of the fire temple around the pond is attributed to that legend.

Archaeological excavations have revealed traces of a 5th-century BC occupation during the Achaemenid period, as well as later Parthian settlements in the citadel. Coins belonging to the reign of Sassanid kings, and that of the Byzantine emperor Theodosius II (AD 408-450), have also been discovered there.

Outline
Takht-e Soleymān (Persian: تخت سلیمان‎, Takht-e Soleymān, literally "the Throne of Solomon", in earlier ancient period known as Shiz or Adur Gushnasp, literally "the Fire of the Warrior Kings") is an archaeological site in West Azarbaijan, Iran.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

    Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

  2. Town of Luang Prabang

    Town of Luang Prabang

  3. Leshan Giant Buddha

    Leshan Giant Buddha

  1. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  2. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  3. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  1. Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

    Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz

  2. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

  3. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  1. Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

    Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

  2. Petra

    Petra

  3. Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

    Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

  1. The Historic Centre of Macao

    The Historic Centre of Macao

  2. Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

    Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

  3. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  1. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

  2. Citadel of Ho Dynasty

    Citadel of Ho Dynasty

  3. Persepolis

    Persepolis

  1. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

    Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

  2. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

  3. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  1. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  2. Masada

    Masada

  3. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  1. Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

    Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

  2. Mountain Railways of India

    Mountain Railways of India

  3. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  1. Old Town of Lijiang

    Old Town of Lijiang

  2. Wadi Rum Protected Area

    Wadi Rum Protected Area

  3. The Perisian Garden

    The Perisian Garden

  1. Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

    Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

  2. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  3. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

    Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

  1. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  2. Bisotun

    Bisotun

  3. My Son Sanctuary

    My Son Sanctuary

  1. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

    Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

  2. Strait of Malacca

    Strait of Malacca

  3. Ajanta Caves

    Ajanta Caves

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top