Mountain Railways of India

Mountain Railways of India

Mountain railways of India are the six or seven odd “chhotey” (Hindi for small) lines, out of around 20 similar such narrow or metre gauge remaining in operation around the world. Built during the nineteenth and early twentieth century of British colonial rule (the Raj), these lines have been running since then. Today the Indian Railways runs them, along with the Kashmir Railway, operational since 2005. While four of these seven: the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (1881), the Kalka–Shimla Railway (1898), the Kangra Valley Railway (1924), and the Kashmir Railway (2005), are in the rugged hill regions of the Himalayas of Northern India, two are further down south in the Western Ghats: the Nilgiri Mountain Railway in Tamil Nadu, and the Matheran Hill Railway in Maharashtra; while the Lumding–Silchar line, built at the turn of the 20th century, lies deep inside Assam, in the Barak river valley of the Cachar Hills. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and the Kalka–Shimla Railway have collectively been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

These lines connect important hill resorts with the foot hills, winding their way up through rugged yet scenic mountainous landscape. Given the terrain they were constructed on during the British colonial period, they were considered “outstanding examples of the interchange of values on developments in technology” and engineering marvels.

Outline
Mountain railways of India are the six or seven odd "chhotey" (Hindi for small) lines, out of around 20 similar such narrow or metre gauge remaining in operation around the world.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

    Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

  2. Strait of Malacca

    Strait of Malacca

  3. Takht-e Soleyman

    Takht-e Soleyman

  1. Wadi Rum Protected Area

    Wadi Rum Protected Area

  2. Samarra Archaeological City

    Samarra Archaeological City

  3. Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

    Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

  1. Lorentz National Park

    Lorentz National Park

  2. Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

    Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

  3. Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

    Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong

  1. Ryōan-ji

    Ryōan-ji

  2. Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

    Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

  3. Agra Fort

    Agra Fort

  1. Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

    Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

  2. Ajanta Caves

    Ajanta Caves

  3. Goa

    Goa

  1. State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

    State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”

  2. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  3. Hoi An Ancient Town

    Hoi An Ancient Town

  1. Bisotun

    Bisotun

  2. Kinkaku-ji

    Kinkaku-ji

  3. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

    Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

  1. Yakushima

    Yakushima

  2. Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

    Sites of Japan Meiji Industrial Revolution

  3. Masada

    Masada

  1. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

    Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

  2. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

  3. Rinnō-ji

    Rinnō-ji

  1. Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

    Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

  2. Town of Luang Prabang

    Town of Luang Prabang

  3. Leshan Giant Buddha

    Leshan Giant Buddha

  1. My Son Sanctuary

    My Son Sanctuary

  2. The Great Wall

    The Great Wall

  3. Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

    Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

  1. Itchan Kala

    Itchan Kala

  2. Chitwan National Park

    Chitwan National Park

  3. Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

    Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

  1. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

    Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai

  2. Longmen Grottoes

    Longmen Grottoes

  3. Gonbad-e Qābus

    Gonbad-e Qābus

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top