Palmeral of Elche

Palmeral of Elche

The Palmeral of Elche (Spanish: Palmeral de Elche, Valencian: Palmerar d’Elx) is a plantation of palm trees in the Spanish province of Alicante. It is the largest palm grove (Spanish: palmeral) in Europe and one of the largest in the world, surpassed in size only by some in Arab countries.[clarification needed]

The Palmeral includes the Parque Municipal and many other orchards (huertos), covering over 3.5 km2 (1.4 sq mi), including 1.5 km2 (0.58 sq mi) within the city of Elche (Elx). It contains more than 11,000 palm trees, mostly date palms (Phoenix dactylifera), with individual specimens up to 300 years old. At its peak, in the 18th century, it may have covered an area twice as large, with up to 200,000 trees. The dates are harvested in December. A famous date palm is the “Imperial Palm” (Palmera Imperial), with 7 stems in the shape of a candelabra, named after Elisabeth, known as Sissi, the Empress consort of Franz Joseph, who visited the plantation in 1894.

It is thought that palms were originally planted in this location as early as the 5th century BC by Carthaginians who settled in south-east Spain. The plantation survived under the Romans and was expanded under the rule of the Moors, including the irrigation system extended in the times of Abd ar-Rahman I and which remains in use. The formal landscape of the palmeral that still exists today was created when the city was under Moorish control in the 10th century. This transfer of landscape and agricultural practices from one culture and continent to another (Moorish Africa to Christian Europe) is the reason for inclusion as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Although the area has an annual rainfall of only 300 mm (12 in), the palm trees planted along a network of irrigation canals from the salty River Vinalopó creates a patchwork of agricultural plots (huertos), each demarcated and shaded by the palm trees to create a protected microclimate. Laws were passed to protect the plantation after the Reconquista.

In 2005, it was discovered that the larvae of the red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) had infested some trees, laying its eggs inside the stems.

Outline
The Palmeral of Elche (Spanish: Palmeral de Elche, Valencian: Palmerar d'Elx) is a plantation of palm trees in the Spanish province of Alicante.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Historic Centre of Évora

    Historic Centre of Évora

  2. Limes

    Limes

  3. Pienza

    Pienza

  1. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  2. Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

    Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

  3. City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

    City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg

  1. Old City of Zamość

    Old City of Zamość

  2. Alto Douro Wine Region

    Alto Douro Wine Region

  3. Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

    Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof

  1. The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainault)

    The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainault)

  2. Laponian Area

    Laponian Area

  3. Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

    Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

  1. Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

    Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

  2. Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht

    Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht

  3. Episcopal City of Albi

    Episcopal City of Albi

  1. Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

    Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island

  2. Alhambra

    Alhambra

  3. Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

    Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

  1. Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida

    Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida

  2. The Wadden Sea

    The Wadden Sea

  3. Roskilde Cathedral

    Roskilde Cathedral

  1. Litomyšl Castle

    Litomyšl Castle

  2. Historic Site of Lyons

    Historic Site of Lyons

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Las Médulas

    Las Médulas

  2. The Trulli of Alberobello

    The Trulli of Alberobello

  3. Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

    Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

  1. Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct

    Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct

  2. Medieval Town of Torun

    Medieval Town of Torun

  3. Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

    Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

  1. Monastic Island of Reichenau

    Monastic Island of Reichenau

  2. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  3. Ring of Brodgar

    Ring of Brodgar

  1. Churches of Moldavia

    Churches of Moldavia

  2. Tower of Hercules

    Tower of Hercules

  3. Historic Areas of Istanbul

    Historic Areas of Istanbul

  1. Wachau Cultural Landscape

    Wachau Cultural Landscape

  2. Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

    Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

  3. La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

    La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top