Acropolis of Athens

Acropolis of Athens

The Acropolis of Athens (Greek: Ακρόπολη Αθηνών) is an ancient citadel located on a high rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and containing the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon. The word acropolis comes from the Greek words ἄκρον (akron, “edge, extremity”) and πόλις (polis, “city”). Although there are many other acropoleis in Greece, the significance of the Acropolis of Athens is such that it is commonly known as “The Acropolis” without qualification.

While there is evidence that the hill was inhabited as far back as the fourth millennium BC, it was Pericles (c. 495 – 429 BC) in the fifth century BC who coordinated the construction of the site’s most important buildings including the Parthenon, the Propylaia, the Erechtheion and the temple of Athena Nike. The Parthenon and the other buildings were seriously damaged during the 1687 siege by the Venetians in the Morean War when the Parthenon was being used for gunpowder storage and was hit by a cannonball.

The Acropolis was formally proclaimed as the preeminent monument on the European Cultural Heritage list of monuments on 26 March 2007.

Outline
The Acropolis of Athens (Greek: Ακρόπολη Αθηνών) is an ancient citadel located on a high rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and containing the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

    Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

  2. Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

    Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

  3. Acropolis, Athens

    Acropolis, Athens

  1. Litomyšl Castle

    Litomyšl Castle

  2. Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

    Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch

  3. Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

    Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

  1. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

    Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

  2. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Churches of Moldavia

    Churches of Moldavia

  2. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

    The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

  3. Laponian Area

    Laponian Area

  1. Monastic Island of Reichenau

    Monastic Island of Reichenau

  2. Alhambra

    Alhambra

  3. Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

    Pyrénées – Mont Perdu

  1. Medieval City of Rhodes

    Medieval City of Rhodes

  2. City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

  3. Warszawa

    Warszawa

  1. San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries

  2. Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

    Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin

  3. Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

    Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

  1. Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

    Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

  2. L’viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre

    L’viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre

  3. The Trulli of Alberobello

    The Trulli of Alberobello

  1. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  2. Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

    Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

  3. Roskilde Cathedral

    Roskilde Cathedral

  1. Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

    Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

  2. Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

    Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces

  3. The Wadden Sea

    The Wadden Sea

  1. Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin, Granada

    Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin, Granada

  2. Schokland and Surroundings

    Schokland and Surroundings

  3. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

  1. Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

    Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni

  2. Frontiers of the Roman Empire

    Frontiers of the Roman Empire

  3. Costiera Amalfitana

    Costiera Amalfitana

  1. Ring of Brodgar

    Ring of Brodgar

  2. Engelsberg Ironworks

    Engelsberg Ironworks

  3. Old City of Zamość

    Old City of Zamość

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top