Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon

Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon

Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon is an aesthetic trend in the Mudéjar style, which is centered in Aragon  and has been recognized in some representative buildings as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The chronology of the Aragonese Mudejar occupies 12th to the 17th century and includes more than a hundred architectural monuments located predominantly in the valleys of the Ebro, Jalón and Jiloca. In this area there was a large population of Muslim origin, although many of them were nominally Christian. Described as Mudejar or Morisco, they kept their workshops and craft traditions, and rarely used stone as building material.

The first manifestations of Aragonese Mudejar have two origins: on the one hand, a palatial architecture linked to the monarchy, which amends and extends the Aljafería Palace maintaining Islamic ornamental tradition, and on the other hand, a tradition which develops Romanesque architecture using brickwork rather than masonry construction and which often displays Hispanic-rooted ornamental tracery. Examples of the latter type of mudejar architecture can be seen in churches in Daroca, which were started in stone and finished off in the 13th century with Mudejar brick panels.

From the construction point of view, the Mudejar architecture in Aragon preferably adopts functional schemes of Cistercian Gothic, but with some differences. Buttresses are often absent, especially in the apses which characteristically have an octagonal plan with thick walls that can hold the thrust from the roof and which provide space to highlight brick decorations. On the other hand, buttresses are often a feature of the naves, where they may be topped by turrets, as in the style of the Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar. There may be side chapels which are not obvious from the exterior. Churches in neighborhoods (such as San Pablo of Zaragoza) or small towns do not usually have aisles, but locations for additional altars are provided by chapels between the nave buttresses. It is common for these side chapels to have a closed gallery or ándite (walkway), with windows looking to the outside and inside of the building. This constitution is called a church-fortress, and his prototype could be the church of Montalbán.

Typically the bell towers show extraordinary ornamental development, the structure is inherited from the Islamic minaret: quadrangular with central pier whose spaces are filled via a staircase approximation vaults, as in the Almohad minarets. On this body stood the tower, usually polygonal. There are also examples of octagonal towers.

Outline
Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon is an aesthetic trend in the Mudéjar style, which is centered in Aragon and has been recognized in some representative buildings as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

    La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning

  2. Churches of Moldavia

    Churches of Moldavia

  3. Lugo

    Lugo

  1. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  2. Hanseatic City of Lübeck

    Hanseatic City of Lübeck

  3. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

    Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

  1. Limes

    Limes

  2. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  3. Tower of London

    Tower of London

  1. Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

    Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

  2. Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

    Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

  3. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  1. Historic Site of Lyons

    Historic Site of Lyons

  2. Episcopal City of Albi

    Episcopal City of Albi

  3. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  1. Historic Centre of Évora

    Historic Centre of Évora

  2. The Trulli of Alberobello

    The Trulli of Alberobello

  3. Alhambra

    Alhambra

  1. Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

    Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

  2. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  3. Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct

    Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct

  1. Roskilde Cathedral

    Roskilde Cathedral

  2. Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

    Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza

  3. Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

    Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

  1. Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

    Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

  2. Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

    Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Litomyšl Castle

    Litomyšl Castle

  2. Laponian Area

    Laponian Area

  3. Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

    Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

  1. Acropolis, Athens

    Acropolis, Athens

  2. Wartburg Castle

    Wartburg Castle

  3. Semmering Railway

    Semmering Railway

  1. Monastic Island of Reichenau

    Monastic Island of Reichenau

  2. Costiera Amalfitana

    Costiera Amalfitana

  3. Palmeral of Elche

    Palmeral of Elche

  1. Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

    Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims

  2. Las Médulas

    Las Médulas

  3. Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

    Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top