Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon

Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon

Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon is an aesthetic trend in the Mudéjar style, which is centered in Aragon  and has been recognized in some representative buildings as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The chronology of the Aragonese Mudejar occupies 12th to the 17th century and includes more than a hundred architectural monuments located predominantly in the valleys of the Ebro, Jalón and Jiloca. In this area there was a large population of Muslim origin, although many of them were nominally Christian. Described as Mudejar or Morisco, they kept their workshops and craft traditions, and rarely used stone as building material.

The first manifestations of Aragonese Mudejar have two origins: on the one hand, a palatial architecture linked to the monarchy, which amends and extends the Aljafería Palace maintaining Islamic ornamental tradition, and on the other hand, a tradition which develops Romanesque architecture using brickwork rather than masonry construction and which often displays Hispanic-rooted ornamental tracery. Examples of the latter type of mudejar architecture can be seen in churches in Daroca, which were started in stone and finished off in the 13th century with Mudejar brick panels.

From the construction point of view, the Mudejar architecture in Aragon preferably adopts functional schemes of Cistercian Gothic, but with some differences. Buttresses are often absent, especially in the apses which characteristically have an octagonal plan with thick walls that can hold the thrust from the roof and which provide space to highlight brick decorations. On the other hand, buttresses are often a feature of the naves, where they may be topped by turrets, as in the style of the Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar. There may be side chapels which are not obvious from the exterior. Churches in neighborhoods (such as San Pablo of Zaragoza) or small towns do not usually have aisles, but locations for additional altars are provided by chapels between the nave buttresses. It is common for these side chapels to have a closed gallery or ándite (walkway), with windows looking to the outside and inside of the building. This constitution is called a church-fortress, and his prototype could be the church of Montalbán.

Typically the bell towers show extraordinary ornamental development, the structure is inherited from the Islamic minaret: quadrangular with central pier whose spaces are filled via a staircase approximation vaults, as in the Almohad minarets. On this body stood the tower, usually polygonal. There are also examples of octagonal towers.

Outline
Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon is an aesthetic trend in the Mudéjar style, which is centered in Aragon and has been recognized in some representative buildings as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Recommended world heritage video

  1. Pienza

    Pienza

  2. City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

  3. Old City of Zamość

    Old City of Zamość

  1. Universidade de Coimbra

    Universidade de Coimbra

  2. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

  3. Hanseatic City of Lübeck

    Hanseatic City of Lübeck

  1. Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

    Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

  2. Medieval Town of Torun

    Medieval Town of Torun

  3. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

  1. The Wadden Sea

    The Wadden Sea

  2. Our Lady of Ljeviš

    Our Lady of Ljeviš

  3. Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

    Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery

  1. Medieval City of Rhodes

    Medieval City of Rhodes

  2. Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

    Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar

  3. Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

    Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

  1. The Trulli of Alberobello

    The Trulli of Alberobello

  2. Palmeral of Elche

    Palmeral of Elche

  3. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

    Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

  1. Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

    Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine’s Abbey, and St. Martin’s Church

  2. Antonine Wall

    Antonine Wall

  3. Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

    Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

  1. Rila Monastery

    Rila Monastery

  2. Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

    Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

  3. Upper Middle Rhine Valley

    Upper Middle Rhine Valley

  1. Historic Centre of Riga

    Historic Centre of Riga

  2. Frontiers of the Roman Empire

    Frontiers of the Roman Empire

  3. Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

    Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

  1. Schokland and Surroundings

    Schokland and Surroundings

  2. Semmering Railway

    Semmering Railway

  3. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  1. Meteora

    Meteora

  2. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

    The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes

  3. Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

    Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

  1. Works of Antoni Gaudí

    Works of Antoni Gaudí

  2. Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

    Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

  3. Historic Site of Lyons

    Historic Site of Lyons

  1. Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

    Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay

  2. Acropolis of Athens

    Acropolis of Athens

  3. Ironbridge Gorge

    Ironbridge Gorge

facebook comments
Comment
To the Top